Types of deformities of the spine, their signs and treatment
Human musculoskeletal system is exposed to strong loads, so the spinal deformity is common in medicine. What you need to know about this issue, to protect yourself? Is it possible to cure curvature of spine?
What is a strain?
Curvature of the spine has quite different manifestations: partial, simple, with lateral arc, complete – when the entire strain range. In addition, it can be fixed, so-called scoliosis. It is customary to divide the acquired and congenital deformities. Acquired: curvature rheumatic, rachitic, paralytic origin, on the ground of bad posture acquired during childhood. Congenital pathology mainly characterized by different deformations of the thoracic spine, the neck.
the Most common problems and their treatments
Scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the. Occurs most often in children from 6 to 16 years. Can cause pain, deformed internal organs, to provoke the appearance of herniated discs, sciatica, degenerative disc disease. The cause of this disease can be called underdeveloped vertebrae and muscle tissue. Treatment in the early stages produce massages. It is very important to have regular checkups at the doctor. It is able to detect early deformation that can be healed easily.
In medicine there is a classification of a disease such as scoliosis deformation: the defeat of the thoracic spine, cervical-thoracic, lumbar, sacral strain and total. In addition, the deformation is divided into unilateral, when the ridge protrudes arc in one direction, and multilateral – the lifting in different directions, which is observed in severe forms.
Especially common lesion of the cervical spine, which is hard to notice. The first thing you do in clinics, – eliminate displacement of the vertebrae, give the anatomical shape of the ribs. Next, using massage to restore the motor function part of the ridge. In the treatment of grade 3-4 disease massage a little than can help. Surgery was needed and the use of orthopedic appliances for the correction of posture (corsets, Evminov, special boards).
The Kyphotic deformity also occurs quite frequently. It is characterized by bending the top of the ridge. The symptoms of this problem can already be noticed in 12-15 years. Signs of kyphosis are: muscle weakness, fatigue towards the end of the day, the desire to take a horizontal position. The disease progresses without pain, but is characterized by severe muscle fatigue. In medicine, the causes of kyphosis is determined by the form of the disease.
Kyphosis of posture common among adolescents, occurs to a greater extent in girls than in boys. There are several diseases that can cause kyphosis in adults: osteoporosis, arthritis, tuberculosis, cancer, which affects segments of the ridge. When treating mild forms of kyphosis using the following methods: physical therapy, prescription, massage, simulating the wearing of a corset. In osteoporosis using a set of hormonal therapy and exercise, physiotherapy. When there are severe disease – severe pain, compression of the internal organs, which is caused by the curvature, is a necessary operation.
Strong curvature in the lower back is lordosis. Characterized by a strong deflection forward along the entire length of the ridge. Can deform elements of the cervical spine. Causes: contusions, fractures, obesity, muscle imbalance, flat feet. If the person is observed flat chest, head and shoulders thrust forward, and knees when walking divorced, it may indicate lordosis. Manifested by back pain, chronic fatigue, metabolic disorders. When you troubleshoot this problem apply an integrated approach.
The Doctor must identify the exact cause and disease that accompany the progression of lordosis. This disease is treated with a special therapeutic massage, manual therapy, exercise therapy, swimming, stretching, ointments. The choice of treatment depends on the severity of the lordosis.
How to identify violations?
You first need to pay attention to the proportions of his body. If one shoulder descended below other, need medical help. When signs of hunched posture, will help the orthopedic surgeon. with In the early stages can be addressed through physical therapy. the Angle of the scapula sticks out when standing exactly – this is the first symptom of spinal curvature. The distorting factor can be eliminated, but only with the help of a specialist. Frequent back pain, spasms, numbness of the limbs testify to the pinched nerve endings in the area of the vertebrae.
As a rule, severe pathology can be noticedto the naked eye: the shoulders, the blades are asymmetric.
The Degree of deformity is easily felt on palpation. For this purpose it is necessary to ask someone from relatives to run your hand along the ridge from neck to tailbone.
a Few words in conclusion
so, deformation of the spine occurs often enough. This is particularly prevalent problem in children and adolescents, as their musculoskeletal system is not yet fully matured.
Adults are also vulnerable to this disease. Do not neglect your health. Once a problem was identified deformation range, it is necessary to consult a doctor, as a minor pathology can harm the body.