What is straightening of the lordosis, associated symptoms and treatment
flattening the lumbar lordosis among some people does not cause any clinical symptoms, and the other is combined with severe pain in the lower back. Various clinic diseases due to the anatomical features of the body structure, the condition of the muscular system and the degree of deformation of the lumbar vertebrae.
In Greek "lordosis" – "bent, stooped". In medicine it refers to the physiological curvature of the spine in the cervical or lumbar with the convexity facing forward. It is necessary to reduce the damping loads experienced by the spine when walking.
In children after birth the spine is straightened and tefosav and physiological lordosis is not observed. When the baby begins to walk, he formed a lumbar concavity. The physiological curvature in the cervical appears when baby can hold her head up. As a result, by year, the baby shows a 2 lordosis (lumbar and cervical) and 2 kyphosis (thoracic and sacral).
Classification of lordosis of the spine
straightening of the lumbar lordosis occurs not only among small children but also for diseases. Depending on the reasons for the formation of bulge there are the following types of pathology:
- Primary – occurs when pathological changes of the spine (inflammation, traumatic deformation, malformations);
- Secondary – develops as a compensatory reaction in response to the occurrence of other pathologies. Often occurs after dislocation of the hip and osteoarthritis of the hip joint;
- Physiological and seen in children first year of life;
- Nerve – is associated with weakness of the muscle corset back. Appears on the background of disorders affecting the muscular system (myositis, myopathy).
More correct straightening of the lordosis called "geologos", as it reduced the angle of physiological curvature of the spine.
doctors Often encountered in practice with increased lordosis – hyperlordosis, which occurs when every second disease of the spine.
Lordosis in adults most often flattened after the traumatic impact of the type of "whiplash" injury. Sharp acceleration and instant braking then leads to tearing of the ligamentous-muscular apparatus and the cracks in spine (car accident).
symptoms of a straightening of the physiological curves of the spine
To Determine the straightening of lordosis in the home simply. Stand with your back to the wall. Pull her by the buttocks, shoulder girdle and head. If the gap between the lumbar and the wall does not penetrate the palm – you have chipolatas.
This pathology changes the appearance of a man:
- a Stomach protrudes forward;
- Shoulder girdle and the head is displaced in a forward direction;
- Chest flattened.
When walking, a person with this disease can not straighten the knee. The amount of movement in them is sharply reduced, therefore there is pain. Due to the fact that the abdominal organs move down, there are disturbances in the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
The Above changes are not so much concerned about the man, how much back pain with all specific symptoms (pain, limitation of motion).
straightening of the physiological lordosis in most cases is accompanied by pain of varying severity from aching to sharp. Following the flattening of the lumbar concavity there is a violation of the tonus of the back muscles, leading to shifting of center of gravity of the body. Consequently, the main load when walking falls on the joints of the lower extremities and pelvis. Pronounced smoothness leads to serious complications:
- there is a chronic compression of the spinal cord;
- Appears demyelination of nerve fibers
- is Formed cervical myelopathy (dysfunction of the nerve root).
What to do in this issue
The first thing to find out the cause of pathology. In diseases of the spine, it is necessary to proceed with their treatment. At the same time is assigned to complex restorative procedures:
- Stretching the vertebral column;
- Wearing orthopedic belts and brace.
The Most effective treatment for straightening the concavity in the lumbar spine is physiotherapy. When geologise it is necessary to strengthen the abdominal muscles, which are antagonists of the muscle corset around the waist.
The Irregular shape of the back disturbs the load distributionon the human body. When there is a flattening of physiological curvatures of the spine, excessive burden falls on the lower limbs and pelvis. Joints occur arthritis (damage to the articular surfaces with limited mobility). At the same time shifts the physiological angle of the pelvis. To prevent such changes in the early detection of pathology are assigned anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen, Nise, nimesulide, diclofenac). To strengthen the cartilage of the spine and joints it is advisable to use of chondroprotectors (alflutop, structum).
In conclusion, it should be noted that doctors often overestimate the smoothness of the curvature of the lumbar concavity in the analysis of x-ray pictures. So, very often in the doctor-radiologist can read: "the lumbar lordosis flattened".
This condition in most cases is not pathological, but merely serves as a compensatory response to violation of posture. In this situation, the lumbar lordosis is flattened for proper weight transfer. Straightening it does not mean a primary disease of the lumbar spine. The symptoms will disappear on their own after the restoration posture.