Features of symptoms and treatment of disc herniation C3-C4, C4-C5, C5-C6, C6-C7
A herniated disc is a dangerous disease of the spine, characterized by the displacement of nucleus pulposus in combination with rupture of the fibrous ring. This disease is considered to be an advanced state of degenerative disc disease. This pathology without timely and effective treatment can lead to disability for a long time, and in some cases even to a complete disability. So if you experience pain in the spine need to see a doctor without delay.
Practice shows that a herniated disc can occur in any Department, but the most common are disturbances of the lumbar-sacral region of the spine. Much less frequently the disease affects the neck and thoracic spine. For the exact specification of the hernias of the cervical spine they are usually classified as follows:
- disc herniation C3-C4 – displacement of nucleus pulposus on the site between 3-4 vertebrae
- herniated disc C4-C5 is a disease of the cervical spine in the region of the fourth and fifth vertebra;
- herniated disc C5-C6 in the area between 5-6 cervical vertebrae
- herniated disc C6-C7 – violation in the spine between vertebrae 6-7.
The Above pathologies are characterized by symptoms and methods of diagnosis and treatment.
herniated disc C3-C4
Characterized by damage to the fibrous ring, and displacement of nucleus pulposus in the cervical spine between the third and fourth vertebrae.
The disease can be recognized by these symptoms:
- pain in the neck, the collarbone and upper shoulder;
- the pain may occur when lifting blades;
- severely limited mobility of the neck;
- the muscles of the neck are of varying volume.
The Pathology of C3-C4 can occur as a result of age-related changes, as more Mature age provokes a decrease of the depreciation of the qualities of the intervertebral disc, and the destruction of its structure was observed even at the low loads.
The disease can develop after a person can receive an injury of different etiologies. It can cause a bad fall, diving, sharp movements during the gymnastic exercises.
The pathology of the spine C3-C4 often develop due to unfavourable environmental influences, bad habits and sedentary lifestyle of the patient.
Hernia of C4-C5
This pathology is characterized by rupture of the intervertebral disc between the fourth and fifth vertebra. The disease most often develops due to uneven distribution of load on the cervical spine. This disease is mostly prevalent among people aged 30 to 50 years.
Symptoms of herniated C4-C5 occur usually suddenly and are characterized by:
- severe pain in the spine;
- pain in the shoulder region;
- headache and numbness of the fingers;
- deteriorating the mobility of the neck;
- the pain is worse during head rotation.
The causes of the disease are the same as the herniation of C3-C4, there is the risk of pathology increases with age, or triggered by excessive exercise and improper sharp movements.
Pathology of disc C5-C6
The Disease is characterized by dysfunction of the spine in the area between the fifth and sixth cervical vertebrae. During the occurrence of a hernia at this site observed impairment of the right or left of the sixth nerve root, or spinal stenosis. The symptoms of this disease are the following:
- the numbness and pain in the side of the arms, hands and neck;
- pain and impairment of sensation in thumb and index finger of the hand;
- extremely reduced the reflex of the biceps muscle;
- weakened movement at the time of abduction and rotation of arm and extension of the hand;
- mobility neck broken.
This disease, like other types of herniated disc, develops on the background of age-related changes, as well as due to excessive or unbalanced loads on the spine.
Hernial formation in the C6-C7
Characterized by the rupture and protrusion of the fibrous ring between 6 and 7 cervical vertebrae. This disease of the spine starts with pain and periodic discomfort in the neck, accompanied by frequent headaches, characterized by the following additional symptoms:
- pain with the rear of the toplimbs
- loss of sensation and pain in the ring finger
- numbness of the surface of the brush from the rear side;
- weakening of the triceps reflex.
With this disease are also observed weakness with movement on flexion-extension of the hand and extension of the shoulder.
Effective methods of diagnosis and treatment
Accurate diagnosis is the key to success in treating this difficult disease. Fortunately, there are many effective methods of diagnosis and treatment of vertebral hernia. Required from the patient only not delay to seek medical care.
If you suspect the occurrence of hernia of the spine for an accurate diagnosis doctor, in most cases, appoints the following procedures: magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine, myelogram, CT scan and necessary x-rays.
After determining the degree of neglect disease specialist may consult appointment medical, physiotherapy and surgical methods of treatment.
Prevention of degenerative dystrophic changes of the spine
Any disease is easier to prevent than to get rid of it. This is especially true for diseases of the spine, including herniated cervical. It has long been proved that diseases of the musculoskeletal system occur primarily due to physical inactivity and improper and unbalanced diet.
To avoid the development of degenerative disc disease resulting in spinal disc herniation is, you need to lead an active lifestyle, exercise, diet, including sufficient for the normal functioning of the musculoskeletal system the amount of minerals and trace elements.
If your job involves long pastime at the computer, free time is best devoted to walks in the fresh air, and also the charging performance.
For the prevention of diseases of the spine it is recommended to eat more vegetables, fruits, dairy products, and strictly to avoid feeding junk food. If you experience pain and heaviness in the spine it is best to immediately consult a specialist. Accurate diagnosis at an early stage of pathology development is key to successful recovery. Early treatment will help the doctor to do only with conservative methods and surgery can be avoided.