How dangerous is a hernia of the spine: its implications, contraindications and a new way of life
when Determining how dangerous a hernia, one is confronted with the many changes in the body, which leads to this pathology. The diverse nature of the complications caused by the localization of protrusion of the intervertebral disc and the amount of tissue that constricts the formation.
what are the dangers of spinal hernia
Sciatica, as a consequence of intervertebral hernia, occurs quite often. Translated from Latin, "sciatica" is an inflammation of the nerve fibers. The expressed pathology causes severe pain during weight lifting, sharp turn or even during a normal walk.
In people, the disease sciatica is called "lumbago," which reflects the character of its flow. Really a pain when inflammation of the nerve root appears almost instantly. It increases with the slightest movement, therefore, causes a person to take an emergency position.
Sciatica develops when the cartilage disc paramedicine falls (near the center) or in the medial region of the spinal canal. The location of the herniation leads to compression of the nerve roots emerging from the spinal cord in the area of the affected disk.
If we evaluate the risk of complications herniated protrusions on a five-point scale, the sciatica take 3 the scale of danger. A more threatening complication of the disease is paraplegia (muscle weakness) and paralysis (lack of mobility) of the extremities.
Such complications are detected late when the cartilage disc protrusion of the spine into the spinal canal. Because of the neglect and chronic trauma nerve fibers at some point they are affected so much that can not properly function. The result is a complete lack of innervation of a certain part of the body.
Normally, when pronounced intervertebral hernia suffer lower extremity, as due to the anatomical structures of the spine maximum load always falls on its underlying divisions (lumbar-sacral).
The Massive dimensions of education become a cause of disorders of defecation and urination, and numbness of the genitals. In medicine these symptoms are combined under the term "cauda equina syndrome", as they are caused by the defeat of the whole complex of nerves emerging from the spinal cord to the back area, perineum, pelvis and legs.
There are some specific complications of the disease depending on the location of the protrusions.
the consequences Of herniation in the cervical spine
A Bulging vertebral disc in the cervical spine for a person creates a certain way of life. Dangerous this close localization of brain vessels.
In the transverse processes of the cervical vertebrae vertebral artery runs, supplying blood about 20% of brain tissue. The location seemed perfectly protected from external influences, but any misalignment of the cervical vertebrae is capable of partially or completely neutralized by the movement of blood through these vessels. What happens when herniated cervical. In fairness, we note that the frequency of its occurrence is insignificant.
Any careless movement of the neck leads to overlapping of the lumen of vertebral artery. The result will not keep you waiting – brief loss of consciousness. However, for the development of such implications will need some time.
The Most typical complications of protrusion of the cartilaginous disc in the neck are:
- Frequent pain in the head, dizziness, insomnia – symptoms, due to impaired intracerebral blood supply;
- Aching pain in the spine, worse when bending and turning your head and sneezing and coughing;
- Shaky and unsteady gait;
- Worsening of attention and memory;
- weakness of the muscles.
These symptoms are not specific clinical signs of herniated discs, so for a long time the doctor treats neurological diseases and may not guess that the cause is protrusion of cervical intervertebral disc.
Complications of hernia of the lumbar spine
Strong a bulging disc in the lumbar spine leads to compression of the nerves responsible for the work of the organs of the pelvis. It is difficult to expect a high quality of life, as the muscles of the lower limbs refuse to work, and uncontrolled urination and defecation significantly complicate the life of a man with a hernia in the lumbar spine. You have to change not only lifestyle but alsoto withdraw from professional activity. Complicate life and medical contraindications that require a long stay in bed.
Even a small hernia can cause severe symptoms if it is directed posteriorly into the spinal canal. This place is the nerve root, when compression which occurs not only sharp pain, but also numbness of the lower extremities, pain, aggravated by sneezing and coughing.
Over time the muscular system of the legs and the spine in the lower part atrophy, which leads to the formation of muscle-tonic syndrome (painful muscle spasm). Of course, to live a full life with him is impossible, so the way of life of a person with disc herniation in the lumbar spine is very limited.
Tonic syndrome also causes constriction of the venous trunks passing to the muscle tissue. Against this background, formed swelling. It should be noted that the above symptoms create a vicious cycle of "spasm-edema-pain." Each element enhances the next, and subsequent symptoms complicate the primary disease.
the consequences of spinal herniation in lumbosacral
The mode of behavior of a patient with hernia in the lumbosacral also significantly limited disease. Elastic disks located between the vertebrae in sacral spine somewhat stronger than in the lumbar spine. They are damaged less often, but the consequences of their loss much more dangerous.
The Dense structure of the cartilage disk at the offset results in a strong compression of anatomical structures and can cause quick paralysis of the lower extremities. Women sacral hernia forms the menstrual cycle. Often because of complications pathology they can't have children.
The Neuropathology in this disease is also highlighting the absence of the knee reflex. When struck with a hammer on the kneecap normally, the leg rises, as the nerve is irritated. When disturbed its sensitivity, this symptom does not occur. At the site of damage can peel off the skin.
Other complications of sacral hernia:
- Frequent "backache";
- muscle Paralysis
- Pain in the buttocks and lower extremities;
- Numbness of the skin.
lifestyle and contraindications for hernia Shmorlja
Protrusion Shmorlja is one of the least dangerous. It is inherited and is a surrounding concavity of the endplates of one or several vertebral segments. In this disease the lifestyle is not changed, and treatment is not required. However, in some cases formed negative effects of disease in the form of spinal deformity.
This entity increases the risk of fractures because it leads to weakness of the lumbar vertebrae. Doctors in identifying magnetic resonance tomograph of this type of hernia is recommended to limit the load on the spine, to exclude serious physical exercises and often engaged in physiotherapy. So you can prevent more serious pathology.
Physiologically after 30 years of age the intervertebral discs lose their elasticity due to water loss. They gradually flattens and nucleus pulposus is displaced from the Central part. The presence of a hernia Shmorlja in such a situation exacerbates the likelihood of pressure on nerve roots.
Since nucleus pulposus cartilaginous disk gradually falls into the cavity of the endplates, the distance between adjacent vertebrae is reduced. Even at low load in this state, the disk may rupture the fibrous ring and will be a full-blown hernia with all its consequences.
To sum up we can say that intervertebral hernia is a dangerous condition that requires constant medical supervision. If not undertaken, over time formed complications that seriously change the way of life.