Features of the symptomatology and therapy of myasthenia gravis
Sometimes fatigue can be the primary symptom of a specific disease, such as myasthenia gravis. The feeling of fatigue familiar to all of us. Any physical process that produces similar effects. This is because each muscle has its boundary limits, after overcoming of which she starts to get tired. However, sometimes fatigue can arise as a result of physical work, and almost “out of the blue”.
General information about myasthenia gravis
Myasthenia Gravis is a relatively complex disease that affects both the peripheral nervous system. It is expressed in the electoral defeat of the neuro-muscular junction. Breach of transmission of impulses from nerve endings to muscle fibers leads to the development of weakness of the skeletal muscles. The causes of this disease are still not clear. The only thing known about this disease for sure is the fact that most often it is diagnosed in women aged 20 to 40 years and much less so with other people. As for children, they have such disease almost never occurs. To date, recorded only a few cases of destruction of children. The overall ratio of detection of myasthenia gravis in women of a certain age and other people is about 3 to 1.
Today, there are several types of myasthenia. The most common are:
The Development of the disease usually begins with symptoms of ocular myasthenia subspecies. The peculiarity of this disease lies in the dependence of symptoms to the time of day. For example, they may be less pronounced, and in the evening become more visible and clear. Later on, the initial symptoms are added and other features of the disease. It is often associated with marked weakness of the proximal muscles. In such a case, when applying physical activity clearly increases the weakness of all muscle groups, also can be other symptoms. May also exhibit bulbar disorders that affect the facial expressions and the structure of the speech. However, after a short rest, all the discomfort disappears and the body returns to its initial state.
Very often there is such situation that the person is not aware of the presence of disease, attributing all the fatigue or fatigue. However, ignoring the symptoms of myasthenia gravis may exacerbate the course of illness and greater its spread. Primary symptoms can affect any muscle in the human body. Most often they appear on the face as striking facial or cervical muscle connection.
The Main symptoms of myasthenia gravis are as follows:
- drooping eyelid
- a twang of voice and speech disorders
- double vision
- difficulty swallowing
- fatigue of masticatory muscles;
- fatigue of the neck muscles;
- weakness in the hands and feet.
the disease Progresses gradually. Primary its symptoms may occur after applying a small exercise. Usually a little rest completely solves these problems. However, ignoring the symptoms gradually leads to the neglect of the disease. This results in deterioration of health and fatigue. Even performing simple procedures such as climbing stairs or trying to stand up from a chair, can become a serious challenge for humans. It is therefore imperative upon the slightest suspicion of the onset of symptoms to immediately start the treatment.
Prevention and treatment
As mentioned above, specific prerequisites for the formation of the disease have been identified. Basically each patient who was diagnosed with the disease, was in a state of systematic stress and had difficulty with immunity.
Therefore, to prevent disease the best solution is prevention and the following guidelines:
- active lifestyle
- compliance with the principles of proper nutrition
- avoiding harmful habits;
- stress relief
- normalization of the working day.
Adherence to all these recommendations will help to prevent illness and support the body's natural defenses by strengthening the immune system. If the initial symptoms occurred, should immediately seek specialized help. To self-medicate is not recommended to avoid aggravating the ailment. The doctor based on examination and some tests will determine the degreethe spread of the disease, and then prescribe the appropriate treatment and make recommendations.
The Treatment of myasthenia gravis is not the simplest task.
basically, it consists in prescribing drugs on the basis of potassium, which has beneficial effects on the body, inhibiting the causes of disease and preventing its spread. Sometimes in conjunction with similar drugs use hormone therapy, particularly in acute development of symptoms and rapid progression.
The treatment of myasthenia gravis is impossible without carrying out of physiotherapy and special exercises aimed at muscle strengthening ties. When such lesions are ideal massage. Any physical activity is the key to improved well-being and neutralize the disease symptoms.