Causes, symptoms and treatment of paresis of the extremities in children and adults
limb Paresis is a weakening of the motor function of the hands and feet or muscular systems due to improper operation of the brain and its departments responsible for motor activity. In case of untimely treatment of this disease the person runs the risk of paralysis, which lost all motor function.
It is crucial to identify the disease. Besides, it is necessary to know how we are treated in this case. The majority of people associating weakness in your own muscles to normal stretching or damage, not knowing really what it is. However, paresis is considered to be a progressive illness.
Cause of disease
The Disorder of functioning responsible for the movement of the upper and lower extremities of the body, mainly due to the strongest violations of the spinal cord and brain or parts of the nervous system. This pathological process may occur for the following reasons:
- the serious injury;
- cancer of the brain;
- improper blood circulation in brain;
- certain infectious and inflammatory diseases.
In medical practice, based on the severity of the disease, paresis of the limbs is divided into following types: deep and easy. On the mechanism of the disease was isolated Central, mixed, or psychogenic peripheral paresis of the lower limbs.
In Addition, the disease is classified according to how deeply affected hands and feet. In medical practice are distinguished:
- monoparesis – paralysis of one hand or foot
- hemiparesis – a complete defeat of one party of the human body;
- paraparesis is a disorder of motor function of the arms, legs and other centric parts of the body;
- tetraparesis the loss of all limbs.
In Addition, the disease is classified based on where the lesion: flaccid and spastic. When flaccid paresis are absent protective reflexes of the organism, and pathological signs and synkinesia. Violations in the activity of the nerve leads to atrophy of the muscle groups whose activity is controlled. Polyneuritis may provoke a symmetrical paralysis of the foot and lower leg. Plexus violated due to unilateral paresis, which is located in muscle fibers of the pelvis. Spastic paresis in multiple cases there is distal leg weakness.
Paresis of upper and lower limbs in children
This unpleasant ailment is congenital or acquired in nature. In frequent cases, children are found paralysis of one upper extremity, which appear as a result of injury to the brachial plexus during childbirth. Motor activity of hands of the child is limited or absent. It is parallel to the body, it has a flattened appearance in the joints.
It Happens that paresis is noted on the hand and foot with the same side or exclusively on the feet. This problem is possible, when developing an innate threshold of the spinal cord. Paralysis can occur in the child with age, if he at the time of birth was diseased brain. Typically, this situation occurs when the child reaches 2 years of age. Only an experienced neurologist, highly qualified and can properly diagnose and prescribe appropriate therapy.
The Basis for the purchased cut can be a disease of the nervous system in children. Symptoms are increased muscle tone, the appearance of pathological reflexes. All this is observed with the normalization of the functioning of the spinal cord.
As mentioned earlier, the child has to identify the disease much more difficult than in adults. Usually the paresis is considered to be the outcome of birth trauma. Although in some situations, doctors make this conclusion, but in fact the disease is not present or is not as bright symptoms. After a certain time can make this diagnosis of the child or more accurately establish the stage of the existing disease. In most cases, in young children this disease passes quickly.
To Define the existing pathology in a young child who can already walk, also too difficult. Doctors say that when a child moves to the socks, it says incorrect muscle tone and the development of paresis. While such a phenomenon may be said about other pathological processes. Therefore, when such a problem child are appointed massage, physiotherapy and recreational gymnastics.
Paresis is not a disease, occurring independently. Rather, it reflects other pathological processes occurring in the human body. Therefore, before effective treatment, it is necessary to establish the cause of the paresis and to find a way of resolving them more quickly. For example, when injury peripheralnerve he stitched when detected spinal stroke, is carried out restorative treatment. With cancer tumor, divasam nerve structures, is a surgical operation. TOOOogether with etiotropic therapy should be symptomatic treatment, as the tissue of muscles can atrophy without need of physical activity. In frequent cases, the paresis of the lower limbs treated with the gymnastic exercises and massage.
Therapeutic exercises recommended for deep paresis, as it is able to normalize the vestibular apparatus, heart and vascular, musculoskeletal function of the muscles, ligaments, bones and joints. With the help of certain gymnastic exercises pain are attenuated, the pressure comes back to normal, are dizziness, nausea. Sports in this pathological phenomenon involve the implementation of the inactive motions. Importantly, their implementation needs to work both limbs, regardless of whether they are affected or not. All physical movement should be implemented uniformly and synchronously. The tempo should not be fast. To avoid fatigue, gymnastic training should be no more than 3-5 times.
In the case of paresis of the legs effective result is achieved by massage, which helps to normalize blood circulation and to affect the withdrawal spasms of the total muscles in the body. Moreover, due to the massage sessions can be achieved to prevent potential damage in the muscular tissues.
Massage should be performed immediately on both lower limbs, thus you should perform two specialists.
In the first place massaged two feet, then two hips, etc. In Addition, the patient should be able to relax spastic muscles. To do this, if the leg muscles have increased tone because of the change of the torso, the patient should bend at the waist or perform a circular motion on the body.
It Should be noted that when the paresis of the extremities caused by a spinal stroke, should not be used to treat only gymnastics and massage. Additionally, the patient must take vitamins and minerals.
Paralysis of limbs as a consequence of spinal stroke
Ischemic spinal (cerebrospinal) stroke is characterized by irregular movement of blood in the spinal cord, resulting in stops the flow of blood through the vessels which nourish it. The prognosis of the paralysis depends on the nature of nerve damage.
Then, to determine how the affected vessel, and set up the appearance of the stroke, doctors are a list of symptoms characteristic of the syndromes of the following:
- Anterior ischemic poliomyelite.
- Syndrome Transfiguration.
- Ischemia of the spinal cross-section.
- Centro-medullary ischemia.
- syndrome of brown-sekara.
- BASS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis).
The syndrome of anterior ischemic poliomyelite upper and lower limbs making little progress. Are some reflexes, the muscle atrophy of the limbs. Preobrazhensky syndrome is characterized by the absence of any sensitivity of all the patient's limbs or paralysis. Typical of a massive stroke each area of the spinal cord. The syndrome Centro-medullary ischemia observed paralysis of both legs caused by spinal stroke, also reduce the sensitivity on the affected side. Sluggish lesions of the extremities are observed in the syndrome of ischemia of the spinal cross-section. When Centro-medullary ischemia also occur in paralysis of the limbs and the reduction of sensitivity on the side that is affected.
Therapy of spinal stroke should be conducted in the neurology Department. Treatments will depend on the existence of pain. As a rule, initially the patient is prescribed medicines that carry out restoration activities of the heart and blood vessels, normalize blood pressure and regulate metabolism. In some cases, assigned to massage therapy and physiotherapy.
Thus, the paralysis of limbs is one of the most serious diseases that can seriously affect the patient's quality of life and cause dangerous health effects. To prevent this problem, it is necessary in the early stages of the disease to consult an experienced specialist. Your doctor will be able to determine the cause of the development of paralysis and prescribe the appropriate therapy for each individual patient.