What can MRI show the small pelvis in women?
MRI of the small pelvis in women, what shows? This question often bothers those who are faced with the possibility of such a survey. Magnetic resonance imaging is a modern and safe method of diagnosis, say doctors. It is highly effective and is able to identify a number of ailments in the initial stage.
MRI of the pelvic organs points to pathology, developing as a result of trauma, urological and gynecological diseases. TOOOhis is Especially important for those women who have a suspicion of benign or malignant tumors. In this case, the doctors making a decision about surgery or the treatment of other ways, often based on MRI results.
What is examined by MRI in women?
MRI was created in 1973 Professor of chemistry, American Paul Loterbur. In the USSR the instrument appeared in 80-ies of the 20th century and was called device for NMR imaging (nuclear magnetic resonance). As previously, this method is based on the study of the human body using magnetic properties of substances. Tissues and organs that are rich in hydrogen in interaction with other elements and under the influence of magnetic fields, show different reactions. This opportunity and began to use the medical scientists. Method of diagnosis at first, the scientists called nuclear magnetic resonance, but later the word "nuclear" was removed. The instrument itself and the process of the survey it became known as MRI.
The Procedure is performed if there is:
- Suspected of possible neoplastic processes in the bladder, the fallopian tubes, uterus, ovaries.
- Inflammation of the pelvic organs in women.
- and the Exacerbation of chronic diseases of female sexual sphere.
- Mechanical damage to the bladder or adjacent organs.
- abnormal development or pathology of urinary and genital systems.
Most Often the doctor sent for the examination of such bodies:
- of the bladder
- of the vagina;
- cervical and uterine cancer;
- fallopian tubes
- of vessels and soft tissues, lymph nodes that are located in the pelvis;
If there is a suspected malfunction in the system or one of the other female genital organs, the appearance of inflammation, pain, an urgent MRI diagnosis will show all deviations. Thanks to the timely examination of the woman will start treatment on time and avoid possible complications and the unpleasant consequences of the disease.
Particularly well observed on MRI of neoplastic processes. This is achieved through the use of diffusion-weighted images, the possibility of contrast enhancement. If the tumor is only beginning to develop, it can be seen on MRI in the case when the ultrasound diagnosis is powerless. MRI of the pelvic organs avoids such unpleasant for women procedures, such as:
- Hysteroscopy – inspection of the uterus, its cervix and fallopian tubes using a thin, highly sensitive instrument.
- Scraping for diagnostic purposes.
- Laparoscopy – a small surgical intervention to diagnose pathology of the uterus, tubes and ovaries.
A Doctor working on the MRI machine, contrast enhances the image of women's bodies. In the case where there is a tumor on the screen clearly visible changes in the structure of the bladder, uterus and rectum. Almost all the indicators will deviate from the norm. Using MRI it is permissible to control the neoplastic process in the dynamics. It is important for the patient and the doctor, when talking about the need for surgery or to heal without surgery. And after therapy or surgery to monitor the healing process by MRI.
In Addition to the bodies of female genitalia, an MRI to see if everything was in order with the kidneys, the ureters, the intestines. During the examination of the pelvic organs the doctor may suggest to carefully inspect the adjacent structures and, if he had any suspicion of the existing pathology. To take a decision in this case will be the patient, but it is believed that more structures will cover the survey, the more complete and accurate it will become.
The examination process depends on the individual characteristics. In each individual case may require additional diagnostic measures. To get the maximum amount of information as an authority, it is important to use all the features.
Often the pain that a woman experiences, are not inflammation or abnormalities of genital organs.
Trouble cause kidney stones, and whensome changes in the uterus or ovaries, doctors are not focusing on the acute problems and treating the uterus or ovaries. MRI gives the possibility of delimiting spheres of influence, pointing to all of the existing pathology. So, with the help of MRI can detect:
- kidney Stones.
- Infectious processes in organs of small pelvis.
- Causes of weakening of the pelvic muscles.
- Causes abnormalities in the blood vessels.
- the Cause of infertility.
MRI can be done at any age. Now this procedure has become standard.
Indications for MRI
Many women, when experiencing pain or state of heaviness in the abdomen, do not associate it with any serious diseases.
You Should pay close attention to their health and to go on consultation to the gynecologist, if:
- Sharp lower abdominal pain not stop for several days and it is not associated with the onset of menstruation.
- Is causeless and fast weight loss.
- Periodically there is blood in the stool or urine.
- Menstruation is a very strong and painful.
Should alert frequent and severe headaches, a feeling of fatigue, which persists even after rest and night sleep. It is important to monitor the status of women during pregnancy. Timely MRI will help prevent miscarriage or in the early stages will reveal the pathology development of the fetus. But there is a caveat: to do an MRI to women bearing children, it is only possible with a 4-month period.
Contraindications for MRI
Have individual characteristics that should be considered before you expose yourself to this diagnostic procedure. Some patients do not tolerate substances that must be entered into the body for examination.
Markers are introduced not in all cases, but we need to remember this. There are some physical features in which to do an MRI should not:
- If a woman is in the initial terms of carrying a child or have a suspicion that it for the first few weeks of pregnancy. It is believed that the germ may die from exposure to magnetic fields or it will cause him irreparable harm. The woman and her unborn baby, may not survive the impact of the marker, which is introduced to the MRI examination.
- If previously diagnosed renal failure. The token can harm the urinary system of such patients.
- Diabetes. And in this case, the marker is able to be the culprit of deterioration of health after an MRI.
- are Allergic to drugs containing iodine. If incidents were to diagnose on MRI should conduct allergory.
- If in a woman's body there are metal objects. Among them: a pacemaker, metal implants, staples, spiral.
As for helix (CMC), when exposed to a magnetic field it is able to shift and beyond to ensure the contraceptive effect.
Recommendations on how to prepare for the examination
Special preparation for an MRI is not required, but before the procedure you must follow some rules. If they are not followed, the result is not quite accurate.
No need to go to the survey, if you started your period. This is because strong blood flow to the pelvic organs will not get an accurate diagnosis, will give distorted results in the future will have to do MRI again. It is better to carry out the procedure in the period from 7 to 12 days of the cycle. Should not be examined on the CT scan the day before menstruation. Tell the doctor, which at the time of study you day of the cycle.
Preparation involves a special diet. Better 2 days before the test to follow the diet. Consuming less food and not eating greasy, spicy, overly salty, fried, marinated, very sour. Don't have to drink carbonated beverages, sour milk, kefir. It is advisable to refrain from eating black bread, cabbage, fruit, beer, kvass and products consisting of crude fiber. In recent days cannot have the sweet. Excessive gas in the intestine during MRI is undesirable. To prevent swelling, it is better to take Espumizan on the eve of the survey in the dosage appointed by the doctor.
be Sure to go to the toilet before the examination. MRI takes about 40 minutes. To interrupt her in order to let the patient go to the toilet, will not. This will break the natural course of studies and distort the results. No need to drink a lot of fluids the day before your MRI.
Preferably for 2 days, until the day of the survey, drink activated charcoal. 6 hours before procedure don't need anything else. For 40 minutes prior to MRI you can drink 2 tablets shpy.
Need to clear the bowel. In the evening, immediately before the day when MRI is scheduled, need to do an enema or drink a laxative tea, which is indicated for constipation. Which tool is right for you and in what dosages to use, tell the doctor. But notoverdo it that the bowel has not answered sudden-onset diarrhea.
don't forget to take with itself on examination of the results of the previous MRI. If there are documents already held earlier surveys, ultrasound, etc., you need to take them. So the doctor will develop a complete picture of the status of the woman's body. He will know what to look for when screening for the MRI machine, especially if it occurs for the first time. Should take a and photographs, the opinions of other doctors about the condition of the different organs.
MRI for infertility
This diagnosis now put those women who do not comes desired pregnancy in the next six months. After examination, the majority of them are some slight variations. They are easily disposable, and as a result of treatment women who become pregnant.
But there are ailments that do not just diagnose and treat. In this case, comes to the aid of MRI. This device is able to detect even slight changes that have an impact on the reproductive function of women.
The reasons, which are identified by MRI in infertility, can be:
- Anatomical features of the female body in which it is impossible or difficult to conceive.
- venereal Disease of nature, not allowing you to conceive a child.
- Neoplasms, hindering the adequate functioning of genital organs.
No less significant is the examination of a partner to eliminate infertility. In 40% of cases the inability to have children is revealed in a pair with men. In all cases, MRI diagnosis is performed for a short period of time. An important case is the elimination of existing diseases. If you completely adhere to treatment regimens, it is possible to achieve great success and get pregnant in a short time.