What are the symptoms of osteochondrosis on radiographs

Osteochondrosis on radiographs (r-g) is clearly expressed at 2-4-th degree of the disease. Signs of a pathology characterized by decreased height of the intervertebral disc, displacement of individual vertebrae, as well as the weakening or strengthening of the physiological curves of the vertebral column.

With the defeat of the discs C5-C7 in the cervical spine and there is a straightening of the curvature of the kyphosis in the neck.

In the lumbar osteochondrosis is manifested more often than in other areas. The condition occurs due to the anatomic peculiarities of the spinal column. At its lower departments account for the maximum load when lifting weights, exercise.

degenerative disc disease on x-ray

If degenerative processes are not treated promptly, the disease progresses rapidly. Over time decreases the distance between the vertebrae. There may be pinching the nerve roots. Because of this, there are pathological symptoms: radicular, vertebral and myofascial.

x-ray images (r-g) do not show pinched nerves and muscle hypertonicity. The degree of severity of degenerative-dystrophic diseases of the spine in r-grams is determined by the degree of narrowing of the intervertebral disc, displacement of the vertebrae back and forth, instability of vertebral segments.

x-ray image can be traced to instability of the spine

The Instability of the spine on the r-images is determined by the following symptoms:

  • hypermobility
  • instability
  • hypomobility.

Hypermobility is characterized by excessive displacement of the vertebrae in the affected segment of the spinal column. In addition to the shift in the pathology can decrease the height of the intervertebral gap. In the initial stages of the disease it is reduced by about one-fourth.

To Evaluate this condition the x-ray better at the maximum stretching and bending of the vertebral axis (functional tests). At the same time it disturbs the adjacent vertebrae and posterior divisions of the spinal canal.

Hypomobility characterized by a decrease in the distance between adjacent segments is minimal (than normal) the movement of the vertebrae when performing functional tests (maximal flexion and extension). Low back pain on r-picture is manifested by a change in height of the intervertebral discs.

Extension or flexion is accompanied by weakness of the motor segment of the spinal column on the background of degenerative changes of the spine.