How do x-rays of the coccyx and what training carried out before the research?
x-ray of the coccyx is a diagnostic procedure for studying the lower spine, which is done with x-rays and can detect the presence of pathologies. The functionality of the coccyx is that it mounted some ligaments and muscles, through which the retention of the pelvic organs. In coccygeal region is full of nerve plexuses.
Indications for procedure
Most x-rays of the coccyx are made because of his injuries. If in coccygeal region suddenly began to feel pain, it is recommended to seek help from a doctor. is Not always pain in this area occur immediately after the injury. Pain may occur several days after injury.
An Indication for x-ray study can provide such preconditions:
- chronic pain in coccygeal region
- short term sudden attacks of acute pain, recurring with a certain frequency;
- suspected fracture or fracture of the coccyx;
- when the ligaments exhaustion;
- suspicion for cancer (a tumor in the tailbone).
x-ray examination is assigned on the basis of a preliminary examination the doctor and his acquaintance with the complaints of the patient. After the doctor will write out a direction on an x-ray, he will give all the necessary recommendations on how to prepare yourself for the upcoming procedure.
Preparing for radiography of coccyx
generally, to do an x-ray of the coccyx, is not required to engage in additional training. This is a quick and painless procedure. But in most cases, when you want x-rays of the entire Sacro-iliac region, the patient is still recommended to perform the following activities that will improve the quality informative diagnostics.
Preparing the x-ray of the coccyx:
- the diet. Food have to be digested, it needs to be easily digestible and not cause additional fermentation. Excluded products which increase gas.
- X-rays are recommended on an empty stomach. In that case, if the examination is scheduled for the 2nd half of the day, a light Breakfast is allowed.
- the Night before x-ray the patient needs to drink a laxative.
- cleansing the bowel from feces and gas for 2 hours before x-ray. It is required to make a cleansing enema.
If the x-ray of the coccyx is assigned during menstrual bleeding, the woman should inform the doctor. There is a possibility that the examination will be rescheduled.
Before radiological diagnosis, the patient must remove all body jewelry. To completely remove all clothing is not required. Enough to stay in your underwear, provided that it has no metal parts.
x-ray, the patient should be in supine position.
The radiological Distance from the emitter to the patient's body is at least 120-150 cm
The Survey is conducted in front (anterior) and lateral projections. Before doing a frontal picture of the patient placed on his back. His legs should be stretched (smooth). In order to get a shot of the side view, the test laid on its side and ask slightly bend your knees.
The front projection can be clearly seen in the vertebrae, and lateral – spinous processes. Side view also allows you to see the particular location of the vertebrae in relation to each other. In some situations, to identify a pathology, not the 2 standard projections. In this case, the picture is taken from a different angle.
The duration of the study does not exceed 10 minutes. This time is sufficient to make the necessary shots and avoid exceeding the optimal dose of ionizing radiation.
By the end of the study, the patient receives the images of the coccyx, which are sent to your doctor. After studying x-ray the doctor prescribes the appropriate treatment or additional method of examination, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).