Symptoms, treatment and types of operations for the neuroma
In the presence of a disease such as neuroma, the symptoms will depend on its localization and severity of the disease.a Neuroma is called a benign tumor formed from Schwann cells, i.e., helper cells of nervous tissue. most Often the tumor is localized in the auditory nerve, but can be found in other parts of the nervous tissue. According to statistical data, in women the disease is more common than in men of middle and older age. Treatment of neuromas in most cases is carried out by surgical methods. After removal of benign tumors of the probability of relapse is negligible.
Neuroma is a medical condition with its own code in ICD-10. That is, the neuroma is part of the international classification of diseases. Code ICD-10 – D36. He is in the 2nd class of the international classification and characterizes a benign tumor.
Symptoms and diseases
Despite the fact that the neuroma is not cancer, lack of treatment can lead to serious complications. Therefore, when the signs of neuromas need to seek medical help. Originally neuroma can occur without any symptoms, which complicates its early diagnostics.
The Most common is acoustic neuroma. Initially, the patient complains of a decline in the quality of hearing and ringing in the ears. Further there is a loss of coordination, headache, blurry vision, ear pain, taste changes, nausea and vomiting. During the examination, the doctor draws attention to such symptoms as:
- disruption of the movements of the eyeball;
- loss of sensation of the face;
- weakness of the face muscles;
- subtle facial paralysis.
Running form of an acoustic neuroma is fraught with the development of hydrocephalus (dropsy of brain).
The symptoms of the disease with lesions of the facial nerve manifest themselves in the form of a small hearing loss. The patient has impaired function of facial muscles, dizziness and tinnitus. If you ignore the symptoms of neuromas, a tumor will continue to grow. This will lead to that the patient there will be new symptoms of the disease:
- increased intracranial pressure
- altered vision
- impaired articulation
- violation of the swallowing process.
Neuroma of the spinal cord has more symptoms associated with radicular syndrome, cause growth of the tumor and its pressure on pathologically unchanged nerve tissue.
Neuroma of the spinal cord may occur in any part of the spine. Given the location, secrete neuroma:
The Symptoms of a neuroma can manifest itself throughout life. If the tumor is small size and is not increased, the operation is optional. But its increase leads to a number of complications, which Express themselves in the form of:
- reduction of motor activity;
- pain radiating in neck, shoulders, internal organs and muscles (due to nerve root pinching);
- muscle weakness
- disorders of the urogenital system;
- involuntary bowel movements;
- numbness of the limbs, below the localization of tumors;
- loss of sensation.
In the most severe forms of the disease the patient may experience complications such as partial or complete paralysis of the body.Neuroma of the plantar nerve of the foot occurs about as often as the auditory nerve. In most cases, the affected area falls in the crotch between 3rd and 4th finger. Signs of neuromas of the foot characterized by a burning sensation, tingling and numbness in the fingers of the affected foot. With the growth of tumors pain only intensified.
Neuroma of the skin is recorded rarely. It manifests itself as a painful bump.
Treatment of neuromas
It is Not always possible to establish the cause of benign neoplasms, as yet not completely understood that favor the proliferation of Schwann cells.
The factors that are supposed to cause the tumor include:
- nerve damage due to trauma
- exposure to the harmful ionizing radiation;
- genetic predisposition.
Based on the results of the examination, the doctor selects the appropriate treatment. There are 3 ways to treat cancer:
The Conservative method of treatment is appropriate inwhen surgery to remove the neuromas is not possible. The reason for this can be other diseases or high risk of complications during surgery. Drug treatment involves constant monitoring of the growth of tumors and enhance the symptoms of his presence.
In Parallel, many patients prescribed diuretics, anti-inflammatory and pain medication. If the neuroma begins to grow – recommended surgery to remove it.
surgery is done at an early stage using minimally invasive methods.
Sometimes the tumor may not be completely removed, if it has its contraindications.Radiosurgery is used when the tumor cannot be completely disconnected because of the strong bonding of healthy tissue, for example, of the spinal cord. Treatment involves radiation therapy.
Treatment of folk remedies in some cases can slow the growth of tumors, and sometimes to reduce its size. Most often to combat neuroma use:
- horse chestnut
- white mistletoe;
- mardovich common;
- common comfrey
- Sophora japonica
- kreinik Siberian.
herbs used for treatment in addition to healing properties, can also cause harm to the body, so their use should be discussed and agreed upon with the doctor.