The causes of development, symptoms, and treatment of systemic osteoporosis
Motor apparatus allows not only to keep your body in shape, but also move. No one in the world can not do without movement.
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system on the frequency and severity of consequences have become one of the most common and adverse. In case of pathology of this system talk about a complete cure of the disease have rarely, because such illnesses have a chronic relapsing nature. These include osteoporosis.
Etiology and triggering factors
Systemic osteoporosis – severe systemic metabolic disease caused by decreased bone density. The word "system" refers to generalized characteristics of the disease, i.e., that the pathological process affects not one specific bone and the entire skeleton.
The Specific causative agent of osteoporosis does not exist as such. This pathology is multifactorial, therefore, to examine the causes of the disease it is common to use risk groups of people.
so, to risk factors the incidence of systemic osteoporosis include:
- old age
- are allergic to dairy products;
- Caucasoid race
- hormonal disorders
- pathological variability of the menstrual cycle;
- drug addiction
The Decrease in tissue density occurs due to changes in anabolic balance in bone tissue is catabolic. During this period, substantially reduces the growth of bone cells – osteoblasts. As a result of such changes in physiological bone loses its strength and physical characteristics, becomes more fragile.
Symptomatology, clinical forms and treatment of the disease
The Beginning of the disease goes completely unnoticed by the patient. While this can create random fractures, but the immobilization of a single fracture are very often unaware of the osteoporosis.
during the progression of the pathology, the frequency of fractures increases (to a greater extent this applies to fractures of the vertebrae). Because of the poor state of bone tissue a person changes the posture. There are often worsening cervical lordosis and thoracic kyphosis, and scoliosis. Prolonged exposure develops the disease characteristic symptom pathogenicity – "hump the honourable".
At the time of admission it is necessary to carefully examine the medical history and the history of life. To pay special attention to the number and reasons of previous fractures.
First, the pain occurs in fractures of the vertebrae, and then may reappear during active movements and coughing. Later pain becomes chronic.
On examination, the patient is often stooped, with deformity of the spine and an uneven posture. Palpation of the chest and spine causes bouts of acute pain. Pain gradually becomes chronic.
For more convenient diagnosis in the clinic use the terms "sharp" and "slow" osteoporosis.
In the case of acute pain occurs abruptly due to a single or multiple compression fractures of the vertebrae. Slow form proceeds more quietly, the symptoms of progresses slowly. But this option is more dangerous, because in such a case, the disease is impossible to diagnose until late stages.
The Most important role in the diagnosis is the history. To confirm the diagnosis often use x-rays, CT scans, blood chemistry.
As mentioned above, the process of development of the pathology can prevent virtually not possible. Treatment is aimed at relief of symptoms.