How to identify and treat osteoporosis of the shoulder joint (humeral head)
Osteoporosis is a severe metabolic disorder of the connective tissue. In the course of development of pathological process decreases the amount of healthy bone. Reduced bone density can lead to serious consequences, including fractures and dislocation.
There are several common clinical types of osteoporosis: a generalized, regional and local. Each of these options has its own idiosyncrasies and requires a personalized treatment.
This form of metabolic pathology relates to the regional type of osteoporosis. This is because the joint localizes the pathological process, which is very unlikely to remain in the affected area, not spreading to nearby bone tissue.
The Shoulder joint consists of two bones, or rather parts of them – the head of the humerus and the glenoid fossa of the scapula. Thanks to a very free attaching just one ligament of this joint is capable of a large number of movements in different directions.
Etiology of lesions of bone
The Etiological causes of osteoporosis of the shoulder may be many, the main of which are:
- systemic diseases and autoimmunity – lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, rickets, rheumatism, etc.;
- syndrome of intoxication;
- kidney and liver failure
- endocrine diseases – hyperthyroidism, hypoparathyroidism, thyrotoxicosis
- tumor is a sarcoma, pheochromocytoma, adenoma, etc.;
- toxins, alcohol, drugs;
- operations and injuries in the place of defeat;
- neuropathy, angiopathy;
- bacterial infections – tuberculosis of the bone, osteomyelitis.
From the correct determination of the etiology determines treatment.
Signs and symptoms
The Pathological process destroys the healthy cells, making the bone is almost empty and very fragile. This can cause fractures and cracks.
Onset of the disease is completely asymptomatic and often remains unnoticed by the patient. But with the worsening of the process showing the first signs of the disease. It can be acute or chronic pain in the affected area, numbness, dysfunction of the movement. Over time, the symptoms are worse, the patient is not able to sleep properly and work.
When you contact the clinic, patients often complain of the above symptoms. During the history taking is very important to know the patient or medical history possible cause of osteoporosis in the shoulder.
because of the significant subtleties of the shoulder joint on the background of osteoporosis may fracture bones. This condition is even aggravated by the factor that the bone is affected by osteoporosis, a very long time to regenerate.
Advanced research methods
If palpation of the affected area of the patient an acute, stabbing pains. The most important diagnostic method is radiography. It is possible to visually determine the existence of pathology as well as its volumes.
Laboratory methods of diagnosis will help determine the amount of trace elements and hormones in the blood: calcium, phosphorus, phosphatase, parathyroid hormone, etc.
Thanks to ultrasound diagnostics to accurately determine the level of thinning of bone tissue.
Treatment of osteoporotic pathology
The Treatment of osteoporosis of the shoulder joint depends on its causes. For example, the endocrine etiology of the disease requires immediate assignment of replacement therapy, and autoimmune – appointment of glucocorticoids (cortisol, prednisone).
The Effect of intoxication as the cause of the disease must be eliminated, and only after that the patient will cease to disturb aching pain in the affected area.
There are many exercises aimed at quick rehabilitation after an illness. With their help it is possible not only to restore the function of the joint, but also to strengthen it. The food should be healthy.