Causes, diagnosis, treatment of regional osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a metabolic change in the structure of bone tissue, occurs for many reasons and is a danger to human health.
regardless of the factor of occurrence of the disease this disease has common symptoms in all patients. The depletion of healthy bone leads to pain in bones and joints, reducing their normal characteristics. So much worse than the process, the fewer normal cells in the affected bone.
Onset of the disease may be invisible for humans, because the first symptoms appear when the lesion more than 1/3 of the bone substance of a particular bone or the entire skeleton.
depending on the localization of osteoporosis is divided into generalized (universal), regional (process distributed in any anatomical region) and local (under the action of osteoporosis is only one bone).
Etiology and pathogenesis
Regional is considered to be a defeat, in which the pathological process develops in a particular anatomical region. It can be osteoporosis of the shoulder joint, knee joint, tibia, etc. This variant of the disease is not one specific bone, but several, and anatomically restricted.
Most regional osteoporosis occurs when tuberculosis of the bones, i.e. when the action of bacterial flora. But there are other, more rare causes: trauma, fractures, surgery, and other surgical procedures, thermal and chemical burns, frostbite, toxins, autoimmune processes, shock and intoxications.
The earlier they can diagnose the condition and begin treatment, the less severe will be the consequences of the disease.
Pathologically the lesion begins after the actions of malicious factors. Over time, begin to die the osteoblasts, which play a major role in the growth and proliferation of the bones. This leads to depletion of bone trabeculae, the change of physico-chemical characteristics and deterioration of the patient.
Diagnosis and symptoms