Diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): analysis
Some people faced with a disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus, the diagnosis of which includes several studies and surveys that help to determine the correct diagnosis. In the diagnosis of the disease guided by the study of the blood for different antibodies.
Although hurting no one wants, but there are processes inside of the body to which the person is not able to influence. The human immune system works, until you get a virus which disrupts the normal state of the body.
Systemic lupus is an autoimmune disease associated with antibodies in the human body that destroy healthy cells. most Often the disease affects young women aged 20 years and over.
causes of SLE
One hundred percent do not know what can provoke the disease, but the studies highlight the following factors:
- the Effect of environment. Viruses, toxins and drugs that affect autoimmune processes in the human body, can be the cause of systemic lupus erythematosus. In the diagnosis of the disease there are antibodies to certain viruses, including Epstein-Barr. Is an acute viral disease that affects the lymph nodes, liver, spleen, and may even change the composition of the blood.
It is Important to remember that with this diagnosis are contraindicated solar radiation.
It is Especially important to monitor their condition in summer.
- Hereditary factor. When the immune system is not all there, there is a high probability of catching it. The deficit accumulates and the body becomes weaker. The shortage of some components is inherited.
As this disease is diagnosed mainly in women with age of 20, it can be concluded that, due to the hormonal changes the body prone to autoimmune disease. This disease is called the disease of childbearing age. But rather it is not the cause of the disease, but only its manifestation.
So anybody with confidence cannot tell exactly what is the cause of the disease.
by Itself, the virus erythematosus is masked, and for this reason it is difficult to make the correct diagnosis, because the symptoms are similar to other diseases. The slightest discomfort can cause aggravation of the disease. Simple colds to patient lupus can be a Wake-up call for further symptoms.
what influences the disease?
This is an autoimmune disease affects most of the human body. Among the bodies that are subject to change not for the better, donate: heart, kidneys, lungs. There is pain in the joint, arthritis, inflammation of the nose and lips. A headache that resembles a migraine.
And the most striking symptom is a rash on the skin. There are round red spots, which are lesions on the face. Most often it is the cheekbones and along the nose. The figure on the face called a "butterfly" because the rash is in the shape of the insect's body. Rashes are ongoing, and the skin reacts to external factors. There is a loss of hair.
At first glance it may seem that lupus is quite harmless the disease. But this is not so. The fact that the disease affects a large number of organs in the human body, and the body refuses to work.
In some cases, the disease is fatal. The presence of nephritis and thrombocytopenia increases the risk of death, and can provoke epileptic seizures, which are also a symptom.
The Disease has chronic character, and a full recovery can not count.
How to diagnose systemic lupus erythematosus?
To start an effective treatment, you must first diagnose and prescribe for this diagnostic procedure. Without additional tests it's hard to stop exactly on lupus, because the disease like urticaria.
The Main method of diagnosis – blood tests and tests for the presence of antinuclear antibodies and the search for blood special LE-cells. Such cells are found in the blood if you have lupus erythematosus, the analysis confirms the disease if the test is positive 80%. A special type of immunoglobulin in human blood – LE‑factor – destroys healthy cells and takes in their information.
The Analysis in LE cells does not always give an accurate diagnosis of SLE, as such an anomaly in the body can also be seen in other diseases, such as tuberculosis or hepatitis.
There is a special system of criteria, which says about the disease. They were designed diagnostic American rheumatologic Association. If there are four or more, diagnosed as SLE. Among them:
- red rash onthe cheekbones, going towards the nose and walls;
- convex rash with red plaques and white scales;
- photodermatitis is a reaction to the sun;
- mouth ulcers without severe pain symptoms;
- lesions of joints
- disease of the respiratory system inflammation of the lungs – pleura;
- inflammation of the pericardium – pericarditis;
- kidney disease;
- the presence of antinuclear bodies;
- the presence of LE cells.
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a disease in which an important differential diagnosis.
In Other words, this method of exclusion of other diseases. It is used in cases when the symptoms do not confirm the presence of one particular. This procedure is of great importance to determine the correct diagnosis and prevent incorrect method of treatment unwanted and adverse effects. If you start to treat what you need, you can simply run the underlying disease.
Although SLE does not portend anything good, with the proper treatment, can be a little pause. Because lupus affects a large number of internal organs, the patient should always be under the supervision of doctors.
In case of immediate recourse you can avoid many unpleasant symptoms, to stop the course of the disease and extend their life. With correct treatment you can maintain health and reduce the period of remission.