What is dorsopathy spine code ICD-10, what are its symptoms and treatment?
Dorsopathy of the spine (code ICD-10) is a complex of diseases affecting not only the spine, but also ligaments, muscles, nerve endings that surround it. If you take the literal translation of the word in English, it means “pathology of the back.”
This name appeared not so long ago, prior to this often used the well-known word osteochondrosis. The disease received medical code ICD-10 in General terminology.
cause of disease
the Work of all organs in the human body controls the brain through neural connections with the spinal cord. If the patient is diagnosed dorsopathy, it means that his spinal cord is compressed, thereby starting to fail connection with the cerebral cortex, change the function of the internal organs, which has a detrimental impact on the rest of the body.
The Main and initial cause of this disease is low immunity. As shown by medical studies, the symptoms begin to manifest after 45 years. But in certain cases: after injuries, infectious diseases, metabolic disorders – this process may develop at any age. There were cases, when the disease is manifested as a hereditary factor.
The Main causes of the disease are:
- sedentary lifestyle
- an unbalanced diet
- frequent work outdoors in any time of the year;
- vibrations of the body caused by working conditions;
- with frequent non-uniform load on the spine;
- of hours sitting on a chair, in a bent position over the Desk, driving the car.
The Disease has several stages of development:
- the First stage is called chondrosis.
In the body are subtle changes in the spinal disc. At this stage of the symptoms of the patient almost does not feel, can cause discomfort in certain body positions. In studies in the hospital pathological changes are not visible.
- At the second stage the disease starts to progress, affects the intervertebral joints, the adjacent bones and vertebrae.
The Patient feels a constant manifestation of pain syndrome, which is caused by compression of blood vessels and nerve endings of the spinal column.
- In the third stage, in patients diagnosed education herniated discs, nerve roots are affected.
Patients indicate the presence of symptoms, such as persistent pain, backache in your back. There is reduced sensitivity in certain areas. When the disease progresses further, there is a change the correct line of the spine: it either bends forward or backward.
The Fourth stage is characterized by the presence of constant strong pain syndrome, is fixed blockade of motor activity on a certain body area.
Given that the disease develops gradually and has a certain stage, the symptoms will vary.
At the initial stage there can be subtle periodic back pain, numbness in extremities, pain in them; there are spasms in the muscle tissue of the back, lumbago; in the case of heavy lifting pain will intensify.
since in medicine it is accepted to classify dorsopathy by type, then each of them will have a number of distinctive symptoms.
To diagnose this disease, the patient is assigned radiographic studies, myelography, computed tomography, MRI.
Types of dorsopathy
- Cervical dorsopathy (diseases of the cervical spine).
Primarily affects the movable vertebrae of the Department. Patients feel the symptoms:
- frequent headaches, dizziness, can be fainting;
- weakness in the hands, the patient feels rapid muscle fatigue;
- because of a violation of blood circulation in the cervical spine some people develop tinnitus;
- discomfort in the shoulders, thoracic and cervical spine;
- in some cases, may be impaired coordination of movements;
- if the patient has underlying heart disease, that their course is compounded.
In patients suffering From this disease, can appear the symptom of sudden lumbago in the cervical-thoracic Department, where there is a sharp, sudden pain, dizziness. In exacerbations some people cannot fully turn my head to the side.
- Thoracic (thoracic spine).
In its manifestations, this Department is similar to cervical. Marked pain, stiffness, backache.
- Lumbar (lumbosacral).
This species is very common. This is due to the fact that the lumbar region is the mosta large mechanical load and there is the massive muscular system. There is one large nerve – the sciatic.
When dorsopathy in the lumbar spine, the discs begin to be squeezed and displaced in the direction of. After a short period of time offset discs lose integrity of the fibrous sheath is torn, and is formed disc hernia. The person feels an unpleasant symptoms: burning, numbness, loss of sensitivity.
- Vertebrogenic dorsopathy.
This is a complex degenerative process in his back, which at untimely or incorrect treatment can lead to the formation of hernias.
- Deforming dorsopathy.
This species is considered one of the most dangerous. The process of spinal curvature. The patient feels constant fatigue and pain throughout the back. On the background of this disease may appear lordosis, scoliosis, kyphosis. Most often this is diagnosed in the cervical spine and in a few cases – in breast. This species can be dangerous to human life, if it is diagnosed in the cervical spine. The artery that supplies blood to the brain, is in constant compression, which reduces blood flow. You may receive a migraine to impair memory and attention.
Treatment and prevention
depending on the form of dorsopathy treatment will have its own nuances.
for Example, patients with vertebrogenic form undergo a course of therapy that aims at relief of pain symptoms, prevention of its recurrence. Rehabilitation measures are aimed at improving the patient's General condition. Diclofenacbuy most commonly used drugs to reduce pain and inflammation in the back. Well help in the treatment and non-pharmacological methods that should be used only under the strict supervision of a doctor.
If a patient is diagnosed with a hernia, then surgery. Necessarily excluded all physical activity, bed rest is recommended.
When disease neck helps chondroitin sulfate in the form of ointments or tablets. It helps to restore cartilage, reduce pain symptoms.
Most of the symptoms are taken when carrying out physiotherapy, massage, therapeutic exercises, manual therapy. To avoid further progression of the disease, it is recommended to take place twice a year courses of acupuncture.
To avoid unpleasant symptoms pain symptom back pain you must respect the labour of the day, move more actively to have a rest and correctly to eat.
Many doctors agreed that the cause of unpleasant symptoms when this disease becomes unbalanced diet, therefore, during the treatment is assigned diet with a high content of vitamin E.
Dorsopathy is a complex disease characterized by severe pain, motor impairment. In order to avoid the appearance in your body of this disease or stop its development, it is enough to live a healthy, active lifestyle.