How and when used electrophoresis with novocaine osteochondrosis
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that affects all articular tissues, including cartilage and bone. Such changes can occur in any joint, but most often the term "osteochondrosis" is used in relation to the intervertebral joints of the spine.
What happens in this disease? Between the vertebrae is a cartilaginous disc with shock-absorbing properties. Because of dystrophic changes (loss of fluid, etc.) the cartilage loses its shape and elastic properties. Narrowing the gap interarticular, that is pinching the spinal nerves, there is pain.
The Disease can affect all departments of the spine, but most frequently in the lumbar and cervical region.
What is electrophoresis
Electrophoresis is a type of physiotherapy. In essence, the electrophoresis is a method of entering the medicinal substance under the skin or mucous membranes. The medication is applied to the electrodes, due to the constant electric current penetrates the deep tissue layers and there effects. Since the skin has a low electrical conductivity, the penetration current is through the sweat and sebaceous glands.
This method of drug administration has obvious advantages:
- medications are entered exactly in that area where they should act;
- unlike injectable drugs, electrophoresis painless;
- and the drugs do not pass through the gastro-intestinal tract, which reduces the likelihood of side effects;
- it is possible a longer action of the drug due to the formation of drug depot in tissues;
- the effect of the current low power itself has a certain analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect.
The Main contraindications for this physiotherapeutic manipulation is pustular and allergic diseases of the skin at the site of application of medicines, wounds of the skin, intolerance of the current, or injected drugs.
How is the electrophoretic procedure? Plate electrodes placed on the skin at a certain distance from each other. Between the plates and skin place gauze pads, impregnated with medication. During the infusion of medicinal substance can be a slight tingling sensation under the electrodes. Treatment duration and dose of injectate is determined from special tables.
What is the novocaine
Novocaine is a local anesthetic, i.e., the medicinal substance, which disrupts the conduction of the pain impulse along the nerve fiber, if introduced into the body near the nerve. Another name for this drug – procaine hydrochloride, procaine.
Local anesthetics are widely used for small surgical interventions in dentistry and in neurology for pain syndromes in the cervical and lumbosacral spine.
The safer Novocaine lidocaine during electrophoresis for the reason that the risk of accidental overdose when using less. The fact that the maximum dose for the introduction of novocaine 0,5% equals 150 ml, and 2% lidocaine – 10 ml.
How does therapeutic method
electrophoresis possible osteochondrosis of the cervical, lumbar and other vertebrae. Consider its use on the example of the cervical spine. 0,25-0,5% novocaine under the action of electric current penetrates deep into the tissues of the neck to the spinal nerves, thus producing the analgesic effect.
Given that pain medicine for ingestion, which are used in osteochondrosis, harmful to the stomach, this method of administering the anesthetic helps to reduce the load on the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract.
Re-enable a person to cope with the pain throughout the period of exacerbation of the disease with minimal side effects to the body.
Thus, electrophoresis with novocaine – effective, and low number of side effects method of coping with the pain syndrome in osteochondrosis of the cervical, thoracic and lumbosacral sections of the spinal cord.