How is therapeutic massage and self-massage of neck osteochondrosis
The Neck is the most vulnerable place for degenerative disc disease. This can be explained by three main reasons.
first, the cervical vertebrae are very close together, much closer than in other parts of the spine. Accordingly, the thickness of the intervertebral discs in this area is quite small.
secondly, the muscles of the neck developed much less than in the lumbar or thoracic. It shows that the vertebrae are poorly held in place and easy shift even at low pressure.
And, thirdly, the vessels that provide the blood supply to the head, are in close proximity to the cervical vertebrae, which leads to a drastic disruption of the blood supply is already at the slightest their offsets.
A Sedentary lifestyle most modern people leads to further weakening of the neck muscles. And since few people sitting at the table, observing the correct posture and distance from the eye to the book or computer at the end of school most students are seen the first signs of osteochondrosis. Therefore, the osteochondrosis can be safely attributed to diseases of civilization.
symptoms Such as neck pain, stiffness when cornering and head tilt, were observed in every second. Often, osteochondrosis of the cervical spine becomes the cause of regular headaches and even permanent tooth pain that you can't explain dentists. And in advanced cases, when the intervertebral cartilages are displaced into the spinal canal with formation of a hernia, even join such symptoms as impaired hearing and vision.
Massage combined with regular exercise is the best way to prevent degenerative disc disease and even treating it at early stages. But self-massage is an excellent way to relieve symptoms such as pain and stiffness in her neck after a day's work, without the help of outsiders. Moreover, this treatment has virtually no contraindications.
Its advantage is that all movements are conducted under the control of their own sensitivity without pain and the risk of damage to the vertebrae.
Start the massage with stroking of the neck from top to bottom. This can be done either with both hands simultaneously, and by turns caress the opposite side of the neck with each hand. After that start rubbing movements. When his fingertips glide over the surface of the skin.
The Grinding can be performed and edges of the palms, placing them parallel to the spine on both sides. After rubbing start kneading, the fingers no longer glide over the skin and move it in different directions.
self-Massage of the neck in osteochondrosis well to combine with the study of active points.
The Most active points on the neck are in the area of attachment of nuchal muscles (the lower part of the neck) and upper trapezius muscles (the back surface shoulders on both sides). Each point is at the level of the corresponding vertebra and has its own name. However, when self-massage to clearly define them is difficult. Usually if you get your finger on the active point appears unpleasant sensation.
Acupressure neck is useful to combine with massage of scalp and shoulders, as these areas also receive an innervation and blood supply from the cervical spine. Pressing pain points can be both short and long (5-6 seconds). They can spend as pads of thumb, index or middle finger and nail type of acupuncture. Treatment point exposure to extremely effective and has no contraindications.
If you are someone who wants to help to remove the pain symptoms in the neck, you can use professional massage techniques. However, they should be done only after thorough rubbing and warming the muscles of the neck and without excessive effort.
It is most Convenient to massage the neck on the massage table because it has a special opening for the face, whereby it is possible to put the head straight. But if such treatment is carried out at home, head to put his forehead on his knees the masseur.
After a thorough warm up muscles by stroking and rubbing, start kneading. Also used techniques of compression, when the skin is compressed between the palms like SHIPKA, and stretching in the opposite direction. Uses and techniques of vibration: the middle and index fingers of both hands set in the area of the occipital nerves and make them shaking movement. Finish the session by stroking.
Indications and contraindications
Massage should be performed only in the subacute stage of the disease. In the sitting position and with full relaxation of muscles massage therapist gently rotates the patient's head left and right alternately. You can also augment massage for the cervical-thoracic osteochondrosis treatment with the traction. To do this in the sitting position, the therapist raises the patient's few for the head, contributing to the stretching of the spine and reposition the vertebrae in its place.
But such techniques shoulddone very carefully and only after warming up and relaxation of muscles. If the uncertainty in their abilities they are best avoided to avoid pathological offsets.
Contraindications for massage of the cervical spine:
- heart failure 3rd degree;
- hypertensive crisis
- rashes and purulent lesions of the skin;
- fever of unknown origin.