How does neurology osteochondrosis
Osteoarthritis is the main diagnosis in neurology and affects more than 30% of the population of developed countries. This pathology is characterized by degenerative changes in the intervertebral discs, which cause characteristic neurological manifestations of osteochondrosis in the form of pain syndrome, movement restrictions and dysfunction of the internal organs.
Early treatment of degenerative disc disease helps to prevent complications such as herniated discs and sciatica.
The main causes of spinal lesions neurologists include a sedentary lifestyle, or, conversely, excessive load on the spine in the form of frequent carrying heavy loads. Both experts believe the main causes of degeneration of vertebral cartilage.
Also to the risk factors of this pathology in neurology include all kinds of offset of the center of gravity of the body due to flat feet, prolonged wearing of heels, and obesity. Often the destruction of the intervertebral cartilages is the consequence of the old injury. But even in the absence of direct causes pathology can develop due to hereditary predisposition.
What are neurological manifestations of the disease exist
Since the degeneration of vertebral disks compression of the peripheral nerves going to the organs from the spinal cord, the main manifestations of pathology associated with neurology. Osteochondrosis is manifested in different ways, it depends on the affected spinal segment.
When disease of the cervical spine observed acute or dull pain in the neck, aggravated by turning the head. They often give into the hand and are accompanied by stiffness of the limb with the temperature change of the brush. Often the neurological status in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine complicated by vertebral artery syndrome. He manifested a constant headache and sometimes a ringing in the ears and pain in the eyes.
With the defeat of the thoracic neurologists noted in most patients dragging pain between the shoulder blades and pain on the anterior chest wall. This pain syndrome patients often confused with a heart attack, referring to a cardiologist instead of a neurologist.
Often the pain is also joined by intercostal neuralgia. Osteochondrosis of the thoracic may be accompanied by swelling and limited swelling the size of a walnut on the front wall of the thorax.
The Defeat of the lumbar spine is manifested by acute attacks of pain in the lower back (lumbago). The attack can be provoked by heavy lifting, carelessly turning the body or even cough and lasts about 5-6 days. Often the pain radiates to the leg, there are paresthesia in the form of numbness or tingling in the limbs.
A series of tests by a neurologist begins with a visual examination of the patient in a standing, sitting and lying down on the couch. The neurologist evaluates the symmetry of the blades and the presence of deformities of the spinal column. By palpation the physician evaluates muscle tone, soreness and the estimated level of the lesion.
Also at the initial examination by a neurologist to assess the range of motion in the joints and the presence of contractures. The neurologist examination supplemented by radiography, computed tomography or MRI of the spine. These studies allow us to accurately detect the site of lesion and to prescribe an appropriate treatment for degenerative disc disease.
In the acute period of the disease the main aim of treatment of osteoarthritis becomes severe pain attack. To do this, the neurologist advises the patient to observe strict bed rest and prescribe pain medication. Good effect in the treatment of degenerative disc disease of the acute phase have a drug blockade and physical therapy (exposure to ultrasound, magnetic field, UV irradiation, etc.).
In the subacute period, the treatment of degenerative disc disease is to improve motor activity of the patient and prevention of disease progression. The most common are:
- manual therapy
- traction traction (dry or underwater);
- medical vasodilator therapy.