How to identify the symptoms and treat chronic degenerative disc disease of the lumbar and cervical
Chronic degenerative disc disease of the cervical and lumbar spine occurs on the background of degenerative processes in the elderly. Thought so about 10 years ago. Now pathology rejuvenated and degenerative-dystrophic diseases of the vertebral column often appear in younger people after 30 years.
It is believed that the occurrence of degeneration of the spine needs 10-15 years of impaired blood supply and nutrients to soft tissues of the spinal segment.
In the twenty-first century, this theory can be questioned. With the advent of computer technology, young people spend a long time in a sitting position. A sedentary lifestyle leads to a weak development of the muscle corset back. As a result, there has been the development of osteoarthritis.
How to develop chronic degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine
degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine in the chronic form is accompanied by the following pathogenetic changes:
- damage to the cartilage of the intervertebral disc with the formation of protrusions and hernias.
- Displacement and subluxation of the vertebrae.
- Entrapment of spinal nerves.
- disruption of the blood supply in the ligaments and muscles of the spine.
- Formation of vertebral and myofascial syndromes.
Vertebrogenic syndrome with degeneration of the cervical spine is manifested by pain along the neck, dizziness, headaches, numbness in hands after sleeping, a loss of sensitivity of the skin of the upper limb.
Myofascial pain syndrome is characterized by uneven development of the neck muscles. Against this background, over time you receive a scoliosis (lateral curvature), leading to persistent headaches.
At school age the above pathological States form the stable deformation of the wedge-shaped intervertebral gaps. In rare cases, against the background of the pathology of the syndrome of Chairman Mau, in which the vertebrae become wedge-shaped.
It Should be understood that wedge-shaped deformation is not physiological. Over time it leads to the emergence of intervertebral hernia with all the ensuing consequences. The most dangerous manifestation of the disease is the impaired sensation of the muscles of the upper extremity – paraplegia and paralysis.
The disease Develops gradually, but compared to drugs it cannot be cured and progresses.
what causes torsion of the vertebrae
Torsion (rotation) of the vertebrae on the background of chronic changes of the spine. When there is displacement of the vertebral axis with encroachment on the nerve roots emerging through the vertebral foramen. Edema and swelling of the nervous membranes on the back or front form a persistent pain syndrome that bears a nagging.
When the torsion is stretched muscular-ligamentous apparatus of the spinal column. Against this background, it is difficult to talk about the optimal condition of the skeletal musculature, as occurs myofascial pain syndrome. Spastic muscle contractions aggravated the pain, as in the thickness of muscle tissue are nerve fibers. They spazmirovannah muscles are squeezed for a long time.
what causes degenerative condition of the lumbar spine
The Degeneration of the lumbar spine in chronic course leads to "the compression of the sciatica". It upper vertebra pinches a spinal nerve. The result of the state – strong pain with spasms of the gluteal muscles.
If the radiograph upper "fallen" lumbar vertebra in 90% of patients causes mechanical compression syndrome. It causes skeletal muscles to receive a large number of currents. Secondary radiculitis cause changes of the internal organs of abdominal cavity and small pelvis, because they receive innervation from the lumbosacral plexus.
In the long lumbar degenerative disc disease leads to lateral curvature of the spine.
Compression of the sciatica can be identified by external examination of the person, as he will be a contraction of the muscles of one half of the abdomen, which loses the symmetry of the abdominal cavity.
Particularly dangerous listen (offset) of the vertebrae. It leads to the fact that at the slightest movement a person has a severe pain in the lower back and lower extremities with limited mobility. In medical terms, this symptom is called lumbago. It is called "cross".
Regardless of the name of the pathogenetic features of the disease are not significantly changed. When you try to treat it medications rarely an improvement.
Only after novocaine blockade of the spinal cord to get rid of lumbago. However, you cannot hold spinal analgesia more than 3 times a year. If the lumbar osteoarthritis symptoms appear more often will help only surgical treatment.
The Symptoms of lumbar osteochondrosis occurring in the chronic form:
- vertebrates – lower back pain, loss