What is infectious arthritis, its causes, symptoms, treatment?
One of the diseases that occurs after the penetration of bacteria into the body, is infectious arthritis. In medical directories it is possible to meet and other name of the disease: purulent, septic or pyogenic.
The disease can affect any joint and quickly destroy them.
causes of infectious arthritis
The causes of difficult to diagnose: the symptoms many similarities with rheumatoid arthritis and urogenic. For successful treatment it is important to figure out from what appeared disease.
the Main cause are bacteria, viruses, infections causing arthritis. TOOOhey get through the blood and spread throughout the body. There is a chance of infection when the injury of the joint, during surgical intervention.
In children infectious arthritis is called gram-negative bacteria, staphylococci, Haemophilus influenzae, causative agent.
The Joint strike adults the gonococci, streptococci, viral hepatitis, mumps, rubella.
HIV gives a powerful impetus to the development of the disease.
Infectious arthritis can develop at any age, the presence in the body of the TB Bacillus or fungal infections of the disease can become chronic.
It is worth mentioning that the symptoms of the disease in adults and children is slightly different.
Children in the initial stage can feel pain in the joints, limited motion of the Affected joint becomes pronounced red tint.
Parents may notice that the child does not touch to the affected joint due to severe and sharp pain.
Adults feel the symptoms of such diseases in the reverse order. First, they are concerned about joint pain, they hate to touch them, then there is redness, swelling, the temperature in this place is higher than in the whole body.
The Affected joint begins to swell, because it is actively collect the fluid. Can increase the temperature in the entire body to disturb the chills.
Viral infection in this disease are striking simultaneously two of the knee joint, but the gonorrhea – almost all the joints of the body at the same time.
Infectious-allergic arthritis gets its name for the development of recurrent acute joint diseases, which is manifested in the form of severe allergic reactions. The body is exposed to constant risk of reaction to certain pathogens.
The Exact cause of the disease still no. Doctors and scientists agree that the infecting organism is due to the contact of certain infections that in the future, and will cause all sorts of allergic reactions and provide a basis for the development of arthritis joints severe.
Infectious-allergic arthritis is manifested by such symptoms:
- swelling of the affected joint;
- acute and sharp pains;
- redness of the skin in the affected joint;
- sudden fever and chills.
Very often people with this diagnosis feel the stiffness. This type of disease should be treated immediately, as there are cases of remission with greater force.
The Disease of knee joints it is very difficult to diagnose since the first symptoms and signs very similar to other diseases. The reason for the development may be hypothermia, infection inside the body.
When diagnosing doctors prescribe the following treatment: anti-inflammatory and antibacterial drugs, antihistamine medicines. With antibiotics in this case, you need to be very careful because the infection can cause severe allergic reactions until full intoxication.
Infectious-allergic arthritis in children is acute or sub-acute condition, is captured when several joints can be affected both large and small. In the initial stages pain is felt reasonable.
To immediately Diagnose this disease in a child is very hard, as even x-rays do not show changes in the joints. Visually determine the deformation of joints is impossible.
If the disease begins to progress rapidly and has a sharp shape, there has been a sudden and rapid increase in body temperature, you may experience various allergic skin rashes, overall health deteriorates. In the blood disease will be improves performance of sedimentation rate, appears the titers of streptococcal antibodies.
Somechildren with infectious-allergic arthritis completely refuse to eat. You may experience claudication, or the child will be less work with your hands.
When assigning treatment for children doctors come from the common indicators of the disease, can prescribe the administration of drugs inside the joint.
For pain relief are ibuprofen, suprastin, diphenhydramine. Antibiotics are also assigned with utmost care
the Main recommendations of experts in the treatment
This disease is treatable, but it is worth remembering that only competent and proper exposure can have a good result and to remove all unpleasant symptoms.
Once diagnosed the disease and the virus that caused it, the doctor prescribes a means opiate pain syndrome. It can be various analgesics.
Next is assigned to a course of antifungal remedies. At the initial stage of treatment, these drugs are administered only intravenously to ensure rapid delivery of the drug to all joints and block further progression of the disease. If there is a need for the evacuation of pus, drainage is used.
The First antibiotics is also appointed under the close supervision of specialists. The course of treatment – not less than 2 weeks. Stop taking the antibiotics only after the disappearance of pain.
Infectious arthritis is treated with antiparasitic drugs, which are applied in the form of compresses on the affected joint.
The Selection of drugs depends on type of infection.
Important to know
Some cases of disease require emergency surgical intervention if unable to find a suitable antibiotic or an infection of the hip joint. Surgery is performed if infectious arthritis occurs as a consequence of gunshot wounds.
In the case of severe damage of the knee joint is being reconstructed or made the prosthesis.
This disease is treated only in a hospital.
To Cure infectious arthritis is possible. As practice shows, almost 70% of patients recover and avoid a complete destruction of the infected joint. In 30% of patients recorded complete destruction of the joint. Many are disabled when they are not able to move independently, or to serve themselves.
unfortunately, the disease in 5% progression leads to death. It may be anaphylactic shocks from the incorrectly chosen antibiotics, respiratory insufficiency, caused by allergic reactions. Therefore, if you notice any pain in the joint lasting more than 2 weeks, you need to go to the doctor and diagnose.