The symptoms and treatment of degenerative vertebrae retrolisthesis
Necrolestes is accompanied by displacement of one vertebra posteriorly, causing compression of the spinal cord. The clinical symptoms of the disease occur depending on the localization of education. The most dangerous displacement of the vertebra l5 as it leads to compression of multiple nerve trunks "horse's tail". Even at 1 degree pathology leads to a forced posture and a strong lower back pain.
The causes of petrolisthes classified into:
Degenerative vertebrae posteriorly offset Occurs most often in older people. On the background of osteochondrosis (intervertebral cartilage damage), scoliosis (lateral curvature of the spine), spondylosis (a deposition of calcium salts in the joints).
Deforming shape Of the disease is formed in places lidodijesolo curvature of the spine. When exposed to a physical load of maximum pressure falls on the lower part of the spine. Over time the vertebrae is displaced posteriorly. If the disease was identified for stage 1, it is possible to prevent disabilities!
Pathological retraites develops in children on the background of diseases of muscle tissue. With enhanced hypertonicity of the muscle of the back frame is formed by strengthening of the lumbar lordosis. The vertebrae out of its anatomical bed, subluxations are formed and offset.
Paralytic form of the disease –is most often a consequence of cerebral palsy.
Degenerative and dystrophic retraites is a frequent form of disease in older people.
Posterior displacement of vertebra l4 is due to traumatic causes. Under the influence of a direct strike on the vertebral column occurs the instability of the spinal segment. Under the action of physical activity gradually shifted the damaged areas. If the pressure is directed posteriorly increases the likelihood of infringement of the spinal cord.
The Main symptoms of lumbar retrolisthesis:
- lower back Pain
- limited mobility of lower extremities
- dysesthesia of the skin of the lower limbs
- Frequent urination
- Difficulty functionality of the internal organs.
symptoms of Particular forms stair retraites. It occurs with the simultaneous displacement of the back l4 and l5 vertebrae.
If any doctors conduct a thorough diagnosis of the spine. This pathology in a short time can lead to severe spinal cord compression. The consequence of the situation is the complete immobilization of the lower extremities (paraplegic).
There are certain categories of people have the rear offset of 1 degree of the vertebrae occur most often:
- People who work with or raise daily weight.
In severe stages doctors diagnose the following symptoms:
- Pain in the sacrum and lumbar region radiating to the lower limbs
- Involuntary shortening of the step on the affected side
- Nagging pains after a long stay in one position;
- Weak and underdeveloped muscles of the lower extremity
- Functional and vegetative disorders of the internal organs;
- Loss of skin sensation
- spinal cord Compression
- Sharp pain on anterior surface of thighs;
- Pain in the lumbar region when lifting the straight leg (symptom Lasegue);
- Functional disorders of pelvic organs.
Treatment of retrolisthesis can be conservative and operative.
Conservative treatment includes:
- Wearing an orthopedic brace and corset;
- Limitation of physical activity;
- Manual therapy
- Laser therapy
- Pharmacopuncture with chondroprotectors;
- leech Therapy
- the Use of drugs.
The bands and the correctors is effective in stage 1 disease. Starting with stage 2, apply a combined procedure that includes multiple therapeutic modalities.
From pharmaceutical preparations to correct the displacement of the vertebrae can apply anti-inflammatory and painkillers. The removal of the congestive and inflammatory changes can help prevent pinched nerves and increased pain.
In a strong spasm of the lumbar muscles is not always with the help of massage and physiotherapy can achieve relaxation. In this situation, apply muscle – relaxant muscle fibers.
How to straighten misaligned vertebra
When deciding how to reduce a displaced vertebra, you should pay attention to manual therapy.The procedure helps to eliminate the blocking that occurs when the disease. A block can be in 3 projections: vertical, sagittal and frontal. With the help of massage, pharmaceuticals, and acupuncture can resolve the blockage in the spinal column is not possible. The only way to eliminate the block of the spine – manual therapy.
During the procedure the doctor hands eliminates the subluxation of the vertebral segments and forms the correct posture. Without performing these manipulations, it is difficult to correct the pathology.
do with displacement of vertebrae to serve in the army
The Army and petrolisthes – the relationship between the disease and military service are regulated by article 66. According to her appeal may be dismissed the young man, even with 1 degree of pathology when there is displacement of one vertebra on ¼ part of the transverse diameter of the body.
There are the following degrees of the disease:
- 1st stage – displacement of the body lengthwise more than 25%;
- stage 2 – 26-50%;
- stage 3 – 51-75%;
- degree 4 – 76-100%
The 2nd stage of the disease conscript shall be released from the army in the presence of pain. 3 and 4, the degree is an absolute contraindication to the service.
In conclusion the importance of timely treatment of the disease. Without skilled therapy, it is difficult to prevent the disabilities that occur after infringement of the spinal cord. Already with 1 stage of the disease required daily and regular therapies over a long period of time.