Signs, symptoms and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in children of different ages
Most Often rheumatoid arthritis in children is hereditary. Such a serious disease, which affects joints, occurs in girls and is very rarely diagnosed in boys. Despite the earlier research, the causes of such a serious illness is not clear. Some experts believe that the basis of this pathology lies some significant defect in the immune system. Because of this the cells of the joint tissue, the body sees as foreign.
At the beginning of the process of development of pathologies is in the so-called synovial membrane, which is located on the inner surface of the joint. The patient gradually develops a disturbance of microcirculation. It triggers the production of autoantibodies, which tend to destroy the cells and damage normal tissues.
What triggers the disease?
It Should be remembered that rheumatoid arthritis in children provoke:
- various viruses;
- hormonal surges
- bacterial infection
- climate change
- damage to the joint
As is common children's disease occurs in two main forms. For example, in the most common articular form of the disease develops gradually. It begins with not too strong of inflammation of the joint, which is slightly swollen, its function was broken, and the child's gait changes. It is not always joint pain. The most characteristic sign of the development of disease are the patient complaints for stiffness in the mornings. This condition disappears almost completely once the baby begins to walk. Very often this form of arthritis accompanied by lesions of the eye, which leads to a drastic reduction of vision.
Not too common articular-visceral form is the most severe. It is characterized by a too rapid onset, accompanied by swelling, lifting high body temperature and severe pain in affected joints. Almost always pathological process affects the larger joints. A typical manifestation of this form of arthritis is an inflammation of the fragile cervical spine joints. The baby comes, the pain in the joint.
Sometimes the symptoms of the disease expressed by the manifestation of various allergic skin rashes, enlargement of the spleen, lymph nodes and liver. After engaging in the process of development of the disease other internal organs may occur which are not typical for the disease symptoms.
What are the clinical signs of disease?
The Most common signs of arthritis are:
- symmetry of the joints;
- muscle wasting
- narrowing of the gaps between the joints;
- impaired bone growth;
- restriction of mobility;
- inflammation of the ligaments.
Knowing the most common symptoms of the disease, parents can consult a qualified physician, who will prescribe the little patient chest x-ray, electrocardiography, and ultrasound. In addition, children always hold a special screening for the presence of viral infections. The most important is early diagnosis of the disease, as it gives you the opportunity to quickly begin treatment.
How can you get rid of rheumatoid arthritis?
Of Course, today we know a large number of different symptoms of arthritis. But the treatment of this disease is very long and complex process. However, we must remember that timely started therapy aims much faster to stop the progression of severe diseases, as well as significantly reduce the chances of developing complications.
The Correct and effective treatment should include a set of measures aimed at:
- prevention of disability;
- elimination of the inflammatory process;
- improve the quality of life;
- maintaining mobility;
- prevention of development of side effects from the use of certain drugs.
Most modern medical therapy should include oral glucocorticoids is effective and well-chosen anti-inflammatory drugs. This helps to eliminate inflammation and pain. However the above medicines do not prevent the process of destruction of joint structures.
For the treatment experts recommend the use of drugs NSAIDs a new generation. These drugs have a positive effect on bone and cartilage. And most importantly, they do not affect the child's stomach. That is why they can be taken over a long period of time without the risk of unpleasant effects. The good doctor, of course, cures many diseases. However, rheumatoid arthritis is a serious disease, and to save the child it is very heavytask.
The Specialist must pick up for the little patient the best hormonal drugs, which reduce inflammation.
To achieve the desired effect, the drug should be administered directly into the joint cavity. The basis of the treatment of the disease is the use of modern immunosuppressive agents.
To the fore in the period of remission comes the use of methods of arthritis treatment that helps to restore the normal functioning of the joints:
- Spa treatment
It Should be remembered that rheumatoid arthritis is a lifelong disease. However, when properly selected treatment there is a great opportunity to reach a state of remission.