What are orthotics and arch supports are required when the longitudinal-transverse platypodia?
do I Need to buy orthopedic insoles with longitudinal transverse flat? Of course, you need. Flat feet can affect human health, because it can cause problems with the spine, and this is serious. Because flat feet can begin vein disease, to cure which it is extremely difficult.
Features and pathophysiology of the disease
This disease is to change the shape of the foot, which consists in lowering its vaults. The human foot is supported by two arches – longitudinal and transverse. The transverse arch runs under the toes, runs along a longitudinal edge of the foot along the inner side. This form of foot implements the task of maintaining balance while walking and the attenuation of shaking that occurs while walking.
Over the life of the foot muscles and ligaments weaken, the foot adopts a flat shape in which it may not be a spring person. with In this case all the work by absorbing vibration when walking have to take the spine and joints. But this part of the body that are designed for completely different functions. Therefore, the joints and the spine, quickly lose their flexibility and cease to function correctly.
Therefore, people with this disease often complain of pain in the joints and in the back, not knowing the cause of these pains. If you run out of power. To maintain normal parameters of the walk, suffer your joints – hip, knee and ankle. This can begin as scoliosis and osteoarthritis. Flat feet can begin in humans, a lot of moving, and the people performing sedentary work day in and day out. This happens because those who are moving a lot, weaken the ligaments of the foot due to heavy workload and sedentary people due to the lack of load on the foot.
Flat feet can be of different types – transverse, if reduced transverse arch, and longitudinal, if lowered longitudinal arch of the foot. Even a flat foot is called a combined longitudinal-transverse by lowering both sets. Most often detected cases of transverse-type.
Types of flatfoot
Flat feet in the family of origin are divided into congenital and acquired. Acquired flat foot can get sick for various reasons, both the child and adult. Acquired is divided into traumatic flat feet, rachitic, paralytic and static.
A flat foot can sometimes be Traumatic because of a broken leg in the ankle joint or the fracture of bones of the foot, and due to various damage of muscle tissue. It does and the ligament injury.
Rachitic flatfoot often occurs as a complication after suffering rickets. From rickets the bones of the foot are fragile. Leg does not hold loads, which leads to its deformation.
Paralytic flat feet is sometimes caused by previous polio, and paralysis of the muscles on the foot.
Like any disease, flat feet can be identified by specific symptoms.
Where to seek medical help?
With the appearance of such symptoms, he should consult a podiatrist or surgeon. Moreover, it is necessary that similar symptoms occur when the varicose veins in the legs.
The Symptoms of flatfoot are specific for different types of flatfoot. The longitudinal flat feet may experience increased fatigue of the legs, when pressed in the stop occurs in the middle of the pain, may be pain in the lower back. To pick a comfortable shoes becomes almost impossible.
When transverse flat there is pain in the upper part of the foot, the fingers change their shape, become curved.
If we talk about the most frequent causes of flat feet, it is possible to note weight gain, including during pregnancy, uncomfortable shoes, different feet injuries, bad genes, diseases, including rickets, too much and too little load on the legs. Because so many people today lead a sedentary lifestyle, it is necessary to do exercises for the feet. Exercises can be taken from the doctor or the Internet.
flatfoot in the child can be cured. In newborn babies foot is completely flat, but flat feet they have. Just stop not yet formed. To four years stop is formed. To avoid flat feet in children should often allow the child to walk barefoot. The child needs to move about, to walk, to run, to train my feet.
If the child has acquired flatfoot, in children it can be cured. Treatment can be conservative or surgical. For conservative therapy fit physical therapy and massage. If youstill go to the clinic for a massage, you will move the child to the office physical therapy.
What doctor prescribe?
When you described the disease, the doctor will prescribe you or your child orthopedic insoles for flat feet. As them correctly to select? Now on sale there are a huge number of ready-made insoles. They are much cheaper insoles, custom, and, ironically, better quality. Ready-made insoles are manufactured at the plant and not on the knee questionable masters. Insoles for flat feet for children are made on the same technology as that of adults.
Insoles feature arch support which will support the weakened arch of your foot. The type of flatfoot insoles are longitudinal, longitudinal arch support, a transverse supporting transverse arch, and longitudinal-transverse. Insoles-insoles improve circulation not only in the foot, but in all the joints of the feet, help to avoid fatigue in the legs.
Very often, the wearing of insoles, arch supports, manufactured in the factory and sold in orthopaedic salon shown women prefer shoes with high heels.
If a heel has a size greater than five centimeters, the fulcrum of the foot, located on the heel of the foot does not perform its functions, and its work has to take the part of the foot near the toes. Naturally, any insoles don't fit. They take up too much space in the Shoe. For dress shoes need special thin insoles. For such shoes invented half insoles. You can still buy podatocite. They take up in shoes much less space. In any case, you should consult with your doctor.
The Insoles are different in appearance. Lateral insoles are in the middle of the foot pad, and the longitudinal thickening along the inner edge of the foot. That is, the structure of the insoles are different. Often I make insoles and shock absorber for the heels to remove her burden. The more complex your type of flatfoot, the more difficult the design of insoles that you need to invest in shoes. The most complex structure have insoles with longitudinal-transverse flatfoot.
When choosing insoles is difficult to determine how comfortable you will be going, just trying on the insole, attaching it to the Shoe. Usability can be assessed only by a long walk. In size too hard to choose an appropriate model, because everybody's toes are different lengths, and cushion insoles may not be the part of the foot that you want. Experts advise to measure any ruler or straightedge, the distance from the heel of the insole border to the front edge of the pads on the insole. In orthopedic salons should have a table of correspondence of the size of this distance to the size of his feet.
Great importance is the material from which made footbed. I do not advise to choose the insoles of artificial leather. Leg will will sweat. If you choose an insole made of silicone, it needs to be top trimmed with genuine matter.
The best way is to buy an insole made of genuine leather. You can even want to consider buying a fabric insole, which has a liner inside latex, cork or carbon layer.
Quite simply will determine if you are chosen insoles. If you became more comfortable, his feet no longer tired, we can congratulate you with the correct choice. If you feel pain and discomfort, then you either chose the wrong insoles, or have to wear another, more free shoes to shoes with insole you pressed not.
Many people ask for how long should you wear orthopedic insoles? If you have found a flat, it's not going anywhere. Insoles should be worn at all times throughout your life.