Physical therapy for instability of the cervical spine
Physical therapy for instability of the cervical spine is an effective method of treatment of this disease. The spine is divided into 3 divisions: cervical, thoracic and spine, and each Department is exposed to various diseases due to the structure of the Department. So, the cervical spine consists of 7 vertebrae: it is such a large number of vertebrae in a small area gives you the opportunity to do different turns his head, tilts etc.
the Cervical spine is the most mobile. each vertebra has a hole through which nerves and arteries of the spine, they provide the brain with necessary nutrition, oxygen and nutrients. It is because of this design, if there is some change in the cervical spine, this leads to deterioration in the supply of brain.
This leads to the need to protect the neck from damage and in case of illness, do not delay treatment.
It so Happens that patients notice the excessive mobility of the neck, and this is not a positive sign, as it means the formation of cervical instability.
The Main signs of this disease:
- mixing of the vertebrae, then the neck seems to be twisted;
- too large amplitude movements;
- too free movement of the neck, especially at circular head movements;
- and much hurt vertebrae crackle.
These features are basic, and if not treated, then after a short period of time will be added to the pain. Diagnosis is often possible only with the help of x-ray. Two main parameters of the cervical spine, which provide normal its operation is stability and mobility.
Stability is the parameter that is responsible for the relation of size and distance between the vertebrae and the intervertebral disks that protects them from damage, deformities and distributes pressure during exercise so that the person did not experience pain.
Mobility (mobility). This setting is individual and depends on the size of the vertebrae and disks between them.
Instability in the cervical spine can be caused by the following factors:
- injury caused as a failed rotation, and physical impacts;
- congenital factor;
- to accompany the degenerative disc disease of the spine;
- after neck surgery.
- myositis of the neck muscles.
Most Often, the instability of the cervical spine manifests itself with these symptoms:
- pain, worse after exercise or any other physical activities;
- deformation of the neck, which can be both invisible and clearly shown;
- range of motion of the neck is changed, there are areas in which motion is limited;
- a constant feeling of extreme muscle tension in the neck.
- post-Traumatic stress disorder. The disease begins to develop after a man suffered a dislocation, fracture, or received a strong blow in the neck. This type can affect absolutely everyone, regardless of age and gender. Also common in newborns with poor training of an obstetrician.
- Degenerative. When this class changes caused by degenerative disc disease. The intervertebral disk is stratified, and the fibrous ring becomes fibrous, and fixation of the vertebrae is violated very much.
- After surgery. Is caused due to negligence of the surgeon in any operation on the neck. In that case it is necessary to conduct a second operation, which will be much more difficult.
- Dysplastic. Most often congenital, and instability occurs due to dysplasia of the vertebra.
Surgical intervention is very rarely produced, because conservative treatment gives excellent results. So, for effective treatment will need to perform a list of actions:
- wear on the neck growdigital, which will take the load off the neck;
- if pain is very strong, used novocaine blockade;
- use anti-inflammatory drugs;
- impact on the reflexes through acupuncture or other irritants;
- and one of the most important physiotherapy (physical therapy).
exercise for physical therapy
This is a very important complex, as in the period of instability has to wear a special collar, from which the muscles begin to weaken. A set of exercises aimed at the development of joints and strengthening muscles, andsome exercises need to be carried out strictly under the supervision of a doctor while others are performed at home.
- To perform the first exercises physical therapy will need a rubber bandage. It is required to fold in half and attach one side to the wall, in the formed knot from the other side pass through the head and sit straight, thus the bandage will create a load pressure. After a few minutes of seat you can begin slowly tilts to the back.
- the Second exercise exercise therapy – the usual head turns right and left. There is nothing wrong if your neck will crack, but if the crunch is strong and is accompanied with pain, you should consult a doctor.
- the Following exercise is directed on development of mobility of joints and consists in rolling the head from side to side. For this you need to press your chin to your chest as tight as possible and rolled on her.
- Exercise 4. Slowly drop your head to your chest and then slowly lift up, but not severely tilt the head back.
- Fifth exercise therapy exercise performed at a moderate pace. Hands placed on the waist, then the shoulders raise up and back withdrawn, the main goal of which was committed when performing exercises is to touch elbows during retraction. Of course it's physically impossible, but after exercise you can feel the ease in your neck and shoulder blades.
All of this will help strengthen neck muscles and speed up the recovery process.