Main causes of pain in muscles and joints
When you start worrying pain in muscles and joints, the causes can be different. Such pain can indicate the presence of many diseases. When patients observed a stiffness in the movements, feelings of fatigue, poor health and an increased load on the muscles. In especially severe cases the symptoms are so severe that the person is no longer able to move independently. Constant pain in joints lead to degenerative and inflammatory processes, which provoke the development of diseases.
Main characterising points
As is known, the joints serve as connectors for the bones of the whole body. It simultaneously acquires two essential qualities: mobility and stability. The connection structure includes two surfaces of bone are covered with cartilage, with the lumen in the form of a slit between them. This gap is filled with synovial fluid. And the joint has the location of the joint capsule. For full proper functionality of the joints are the connecting bags, the mucous surface, and those fragments that increase the size of tendons, the tendons and ligaments.
Inflammation of the joints accompanied by stiffness in his movements, appearance of swelling, redness and obvious external inflammation of a certain area, which is expressed in increased sensitivity with pressure and physical activity.
Joint diseases are conventionally divided into two main groups:
- diseases of an inflammatory nature;
- diseases of degenerative character.
joint Disease of an inflammatory nature can be attributed to the category of rheumatic changes.
In clinical practice is the presence of the following ailments related to joints:
- degenerative changes, destructive processes (osteoarthritis);
- rheumatic inflammation in the joints;
- infectious processes;
- abnormalities in the structure of joint;
- malformations, dysplasia
- secondary osteoarthritis, which developed as a result of the trauma.
In many cases, the defeat exposed the bones, ligaments, muscles, tendons and the joint itself, most commonly in the knees. Diseases of degenerative nature inherent in people of the senior age category.
the Most typical manifestation can be called the defeat of the knee, hip and vertebral joints. Increased load on the joint as a cause of osteoarthritis most often occurs in professional athletes and in people with excess weight. Post-traumatic osteoarthritis of the defeat exposed the joints of the feet, the knees and shoulders. People involved in ski-skating and football, often suffer from tears to the menisci and cruciate ligaments. Not uncommon to represent dislocations, muscle and tendon injuries, ruptures of capsules, and nerves.
As a causal factor may be the defects identified at birth. An example is dysplasia, when the acetabulum is too small and cannot completely accommodate the head of the femur. Inflammatory processes in the joints are diseases of autoimmune origin.
In rheumatoid arthritis the defeat exposed first hands, in very rare cases, other joints are affected and groups. The disease has a periodic “wandering” pain, accompanied by an active inflammatory process. The main cause of the disease is to hit the joint, infection along with blood.
Marks the appearance of arthritis on a background of psoriasis, impaired metabolism, with ankylosing spondylitis and chondrocalcinosis, which still has the name of the false gout. The development of the disease if the related ailments for self most often finds its appearance in a weakened functionality of the immune system, the very first sign which you are flying pains in the joints.
musculoskeletal pain and its causes
To answer the question of why do muscles hurt, it is necessary to establish the cause, which often indicates the presence of a particular disease. Muscle pain, or myalgia, tend to appear as a result of inflammation.
Muscular system of man consists of elastic fabric, able to decrease under the action of pulses. Intended muscles to perform various movements, the introduction of the vocal cords and implementation of the respiratory processes.
For myalgia is characterized by the appearance of pain when the mobility of muscles, or by pressure on certain areas of the body. The defeat can be as one muscle, anda certain muscle group. There is the spread of pain to adjacent tendons, fascia and ligaments. Most muscle pain occurs with high physical loads result in sprains or injuries.
It is Worth noting that in this scenario the disease is a definite muscle group some time after exposure to. To pain in the muscles may have several causal factors, such as medications that help to reduce cholesterol levels, and inhibitors of enzymes capable of lowering blood pressure.
The Inflammatory process in skeletal muscle has a habit of appearing as complications after a viral and infectious diseases of catarrhal nature.
The Causes can be due to bacterial and parasitic nature of occurrence. When myositis appear painful sensations in the hands, lower extremities and trunk, which have a tendency to become more pronounced during active movements of the body. Muscle lesions can seal in the form of strand or knots. If a person has an open injury, you may receive purulent myositis.
The characteristic signs of the disease include:
- increased temperature
- the appearance of shivering, fever;
- increased pain, swelling;
- muscle tension with seals and on top of reddened skin.
One of a peculiar form is a parasite myositis, which, affecting the muscles, characterized by onset of fever, muscular pains in the limbs, in the chest area and language. The lack of calcium with potassium provokes electrolyte abnormalities. And pain that occur in muscle structures and are the most common manifestations, can be safely attributed to the category of fibromyalgia.
According to studies, with fibromyalgia may experience periodic sleep disturbance.
The Disease characterized by such signs as a pain, a feeling of stiffness in the morning, frequent insomnia, fatigue and tiredness. Localized fibromyalgia may in different parts of the body. Noted that the most common places the lesions are the occipital region, lower back, neck, shoulder, chest, hip and knee joints. Thus most often the pain occurs the female half of the population.
If you have physical stress, insomnia, trauma, dampness and systematic rheumatic diseases, discomfort tends to boost. Development of the fibromyalgia syndrome is most common in young women with disturbing and sensitive nature, which are in a state of stress and depression.
According to statistics, the disease also suffered by people of adolescent age, mostly girls. As for the men, they get sick mostly during physical strain related to professional activity or engage in professional sports. In fibromyalgia the primary character muscle pain can occur throughout the body with the presence of pixels with increased sensitivity, which can be easily determined by feeling.
Needless to say, when joints and muscles ache, to treat these symptoms not superficially. In order to know what to do next and what action to take, it is necessary first to conduct a detailed examination of the patient. After the appropriate diagnosis by the attending physician treatment and exercises.
Diagnosis and treatment of pain in joints and muscles
Clarify the diagnosis when the appearance of pain in joints and muscles produced by external examination of the patient, clinical blood examinations, x-rays of joints, examination with magnetic resonance and computer diagnostics, ultrasonography, arthroscopy and endoscopy.
It is Possible to obtain more detailed data will need to playback the puncture of joints. With similar clinical manifestations, regardless of their causes, doctors usually prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of tablets and gel. This is due to the need to eliminate the pain, remove swelling (for example, using the same gel), reduce inflammation, relieve temperature and fever. The pellets are composed of organic acids:
- of propionic
To side effects when taking these drugs can include negative effects on the gastrointestinal tract due to the fact that they are made on the basis of the above acids. Other special side effects when taking these drugs is not observed. Basically, if the aching joints and muscles, the treatment is done the following preparations:
- acetylsalicylic acid.
The Use of pain relievers for sore joints and muscles should be considered mandatory. After further diagnosis, the doctor himself will select the appropriate medication for each individual patient. However, the treatment of the disease provides a comprehensive approach that addresses not only the removal of pain. Next steps involve the introduction of homeopathic treatment, correction of diet, a course of medical gymnastics and physical culture, and manual therapy.
When pain in muscles and joints, especially if she begins to acquire stable form, it is mandatory to seek medical help. This symptomatology is not a harmless and ultimately can lead to more serious consequences.