Signs and treatment of hypotonia in infants
Many parents are interested in than dangerous hypotonia in infants, signs and treatment what are. Often parents hear such a diagnosis and start to panic. Whether this state is dangerous?
Hypotonia in an infant is a pathology, in which the weakened condition of the muscles. Doctors put such a diagnosis in the absence of the child's response in those cases where it definitely has. It concerns the curls of the child. If muscle tone is normal, then there is a straightening of hands – response. In this way, the infant returned to a comfortable state for him. If you violate the tone of the response should return after a while or is completely absent.
Factors of education of hypotonia and consequences
The Presented condition is less common than increased muscle tone. However the causes of this condition are, it is necessary to detect them. The hypotonia is associated with the blood flow and functioning of the Central nervous system. The existence of such phenomena indicates possible malfunctions in it.
The Emergence of low tone can occur in the following cases:
- Emergency childbirth or for heavy labor process, during which a newborn was injured, suffered asphyxia or hypoxia.
- the Presence of disease in the mother during pregnancy.
- Heavy nature of pregnancy.
- the Presence of the mother of bad habits and their influence on the process of gestation.
- the Formation of defects in the development of the baby.
- Improper diet of the baby.
- the Imbalance of chromosomes and hormones.
- Congenital myopathy character.
- the Presence of polio.
- the Presence of botulism
- When there is an insufficient birth weight.
- the Development of diseases of a genetic nature.
- the Use of large quantities of vitamin D.
- Emaciated condition after suffering infectious diseases and viral nature.
Treatment of neonates should be initiated promptly once it was discovered pathology. This will not only eliminate the negative state, but also to prevent dangerous complications. In addition, due to the presence of hypotonia in infants can cause problems in further development.
An Example is the deterioration of posture and spinal curvature. With the development of pathology is a weakening of the musculoskeletal system, which is also affected in older age. Carries the risk of degeneration of muscles, which is a complication of this process.
Detection problems: how to recognize the hypotonia?
while visiting the doctor, the child's condition is determined with the help of some manipulation. They can detect deviations. It concerns the stepping reflex and response, which is associated with a support on feet. When maintaining the child and his on a hard surface the baby begins to rely completely on foot and to take actions. If his condition weakened, he will not be able to perform these actions. This hypotonia of the legs is present in children under 2 months that is the norm. Then the reflex begins to fade.
Then do another exercise. Baby is lying on his back, underneath a solid surface. Child support for the wrist and tries to pull him up to sitting position. Normally, the baby will start to catch up on their own, the reviewer will feel the resistance of the child. In the reverse situation does not occur such that the neck of the child does not hold his head, the baby hanging in her arms, the back becomes rounded, and the belly slightly protrudes.
Parents can make a diagnosis, just want to monitor your child and observe his actions. Manifestations of hypotonia of the muscles is not only an inert state of the muscle structure. The General condition of the child also plays a prominent role. Often parents notice that their children are relatively calm and quiet, and to cause them to excited state is very difficult. Most of the time they are asleep, and during waking hours, children are characterized by reduced activity and lethargy.
Should pay attention to posture during sleep. The position of the arms and legs may indicate many things. Limbs in these children fully extended and relaxed. The palm has not been collected in a fist, and opened. Under normal tone palms and extremities a little bent, due to the action of muscles and their activity.
Some breastfeeding mothers complain about the process of breastfeeding. The child is characterized by complete apathy to this process, sometimes refuses the breast. In addition, such children find it difficult to engage the neck and to fix the position of the head. They have difficulty grasping objects or during crawling. In the latter case the attainment of such a useful skill is difficult. Exceptthese signs, the child has trouble maintaining the body in a sitting position. Hard baby and to turn over.
No need to immediately panic if you have found such manifestations. However, it is advisable to consult a specialist, if it is suspected. The consultation and diagnosis will allow accurately determine the child's condition and take the necessary steps if they are required.
Recommendations and the elimination of state
Parents should not despair in the formulation of the submitted diagnosis. Started right and timely actions will allow to forget about this problem. Therefore, it is necessary to pass inspection, and upon detection of hypotonia – follow the instructions of the specialist.
In the early stages of treatment it is best to trust a qualified specialist. In the future, parents can carry out the procedure on their own with the doctor recommendations. Gymnastics is helpful to eliminate the hypotonia of the legs or arms. Particularly useful classes in the water, as swimming has beneficial effects on all muscle groups. You can combine these activities with the hardening, however, the therapy should be carried out competently to avoid hypothermia and disease.
Another way to treat hypotonia of the legs and arms – muscle massage. During therapy, the muscle tissue receives the load, which is so important for a young child. The procedure involves rubbing and stroking of the limbs. They allow you to warm up your muscles and soothe him. Thus, the basis of action of massage focuses on the kneading of the body of the baby.
Using massage and other methods
Massage is a good way to ensure your baby load, as mentioned previously. During the procedure can affect all organs, which will stimulate them work. Orientation procedures on the limbs and the whole body affects the Central nervous system. During the procedure, it is necessary to change the position of the body of the child, thereby utilizing all the space.
The Therapist directs their actions from the periphery to the Central region. The duration of therapy should not be less than 10 sessions, but if you feel the need, the number of classes increase. During the execution of the method should monitor the condition of the baby, especially for his mood. If you have negative emotions it is recommended to use the massage later.
During the massage, aimed at elimination of hypotonia of the muscles are following exercises:
- Perform pull-UPS upper body, the child held by the hand.
- Alternately raising the legs – the imitation of Cycling.
- Perform hands Boxing movements.
- Breeding in different directions, and keeping hands together.
The child positively influenced by other methods of treatment of hypotonia of the muscles. In addition to massage, used gymnastics and physiotherapy. In some cases, are prescribed medicinal drugs. They are appointed only the doctor. Such children applied a special approach, such as when using drugs.
Thus, the elimination of the pathological condition can be accomplished in several methods. You want to find the cause of hypotonia, then the treatment will be more effective. The use of gymnastics and massage allows to achieve positive results in a few months. Changes in brain and motor activity of the baby, it will become more energetic and dynamic.