The symptoms and treatment of bursitis of the foot and ankle
Inflammation of one or more joint capsules in the foot causing bursitis of the foot. From other types of bursitis this disease is characterized in that the inflammatory process may be localized in the new Bourse, caused by friction in tight footwear or other mechanical effects. Serious attention is paid to the initial symptoms that require urgent diagnosis and elimination, as running chronic forms of bursitis of the ankle can have dire consequences in the future.
How disease develops
Symptoms of bursitis of the foot during inflammatory reactions are determined visually and by palpation. When pressed in the area of inflammation appear painful tumors, and the tumor, a characteristic fever. If you experience a mild pain – this may indicate the presence of serous bursitis, if the pain is sharp – may signal the emergence of purulent inflammation.
Signs of uneven education, while the probing may indicate the deposition of salts. Chronic bursitis is characterized dense, felt when palpating tumors in the form of scars. If the inflammatory process is in the area of intermuscular Bourse, it's hard to diagnose without x-ray examination. Bursitis of the foot can develop in different ways. If the cause of bursitis is trauma, it develops rapidly due to the fact that in this type of damage occurs hemorrhage into the cavity of the Bursa. If it does not resolves on its own, it threatens the development of bursitis.
Slow development of the disease could only be observed if a strained ankle or a long time there is pressure on the foot. Bursa when the voltage of the tendon becomes larger, but decreases in volume. This condition may lead to filling of the synovial fluid, resulting in bone hill is served by a hydraulic cushion, which leads to the formation of bursitis. If you do not start timely treatment, the disease can become chronic form. It threatens not only an aesthetic defect, but also can cause rupture of tendons, lead to disability.
To eliminate the characteristic of bursitis of the foot manifestations, it is necessary to show bad leg traumatology. First visit to the doctor will give the correct advice how to stop the symptoms of pain and improve the General condition. Full treatment course is assigned after all of the diagnostic events.
In the treatment of doctors prescribe complex therapy. It includes therapeutic and physiotherapeutic methods of dealing with the disease. Is local, conservative and surgical treatment. In the complex of therapeutic measures, may also include as an additional measure of the impact of natural therapy folk remedies. Their use could begin with the first manifestations of the disease, when the pain came.
For the relief of pain doctors recommend the application of analgesic drugs, such as benzocaine, solpadein. If you are hypersensitive to drugs of this group, you can use the recipes of traditional medicine, having analgesic effect. You can attach a leaf sorrel or steamed herb Valerian. After the temporary relief of pain you must see a doctor. Inflammatory process, affecting the whole joint, and characteristic symptoms, are treated with antibiotics – nitrofuran and sulfa drugs. For local and internal treatment apply klimicin and others.
depending on the form and stage of the disease by physicians selected individual therapeutic measures. Bursitis can be divided into:
When the first symptoms of the disease is appointed predominantly local effect on inflammation using dressings on the basis of warming ointments. Headband slightly compresses and locks the finger, which helps to prevent the development of purulent stage of bursitis. If the cause of pathology development have become mechanical impact, on the injured area is exposed with the help of novocaine and hydrocortisone. Drugs are administered with injections of 2% procaine and 50 ml of hydrocortisone with him added to antibiotics. This treatment is given a few therapy sessions.
Bursitis of the ankle joint in the chronic form is treated in hospital by puncture. From Bursa accumulated liquid is removed through a small incision. After cleaning, the cavity is washed with antiseptic and anti-inflammatory solutions. To avoid recurrence and exacerbation of undesirable trauma prevention is recommended to wear shoes to avoid re-injury.
When purulent bursitis therapy begins the treatment by puncture, but if you do not want to be positive, the doctors performed surgery by opening the synovial Bursa and removal of purulent accumulations. If you have symptoms, confirming the inflammatory process, even after cleaning of the wound and its treatment, the physicians assigned to medical therapy characteristic of chronic wounds.
Treatment, showed positive results complement physiotherapeutic interventions, including massage, physiotherapy, moxibustion.
physical Therapy in bursitis of the foot
If after the drug therapy is not obvious neither acute symptom of the disease, doctors assigned to physiotherapy for rehabilitation. It takes place in several stages. At the first stage the procedures of UV exposure. The number of biodoses appointed doctor in accordance with the well-being of the patient and the presence of an external residual symptoms. The highest rate is 6 biodoses.
After weeks of physiotherapy, when the inflammatory symptoms are of mild nature of the symptoms, doctors conducted induktoterapiya – the impact on the affected area of the foot shock. The procedure is performed daily and is stopped if all signs of inflammation eliminated. Good effect give ozocerite baths, appliques applied to the ankle. In some cases, a paraffin.
In the future, not to allow to appear the symptoms of bursitis of the foot, it is recommended to focus on some of the elements that comprise prevention:
- should Constantly control the load on the foot. During active physical exercises, sports activities is necessary to observe safety precautions and wear protective equipment.
- Uncomfortable shoes can cause injuries to the ankle. Shoes for every day should be chosen based on its convenience, ease. Heels should be steady and low. It is advisable to wear orthotic insoles and prefer footwear from natural materials.
- If you have any injuries until the little scratches should be very careful to treat open wounds to prevent infection to infiltrate in the synovial fluid. If necessary, use anti-bacterial band-aid.
- So as not to exacerbate the load on the foot, people with high body mass is necessary to make adjustments to the weight. This is especially important for patients at risk – injured in the past who have undergone treatment of bursitis of the foot.
- If possible, it is desirable to remove the shoes and walk barefoot in summer on the grass, in the cold season – at home with a special orthopedic pad.
don't let back pain help symptoms recognized and used for various types of diseases bursitis of the foot folk remedies. As a rule, when elimination of the inflammatory process are local treatments, ointments, compresses, rubbing.
To Treat bursitis of the foot since ancient times, learned people are using honey and soap. Compress prepared as follows: a bar of Laundry soap rubbed on a grater, to it is added an equal amount of liquid honey. To this mass is added grated onion. All is mixed. The composition is spread on a cotton cloth or rolled into several layers of cheesecloth. A compress applied to the inflamed area in the thumb area, and wrapped in polyethylene. The course consists of daily treatments for 2 weeks. Potato wrap – one of the best remedies in the treatment of folk remedies.
When severe pain use grated potato, spread on a cloth and fastened with a plastic bandage.
One of the most effective natural healers recognized as the Golden mustache. The plant is ground and poured a glass of water, put on low heat and bring to a boil. The mixture insist. Strained infusion smear the cloth and apply to the affected area. Fix the cloth with polyethylene and covered with warm material. It is desirable to carry out the procedure for the night, not to chill the finger and not let go of the painful symptoms. The treatment is carried out for 2 weeks.
Folk remedies can be found on the home window sill. These include Kalanchoe. Succulent leaves are cut along and apply to the affected area, fixing bandage. The effect of the treatment is 3-4 days. Of course after a week the pain goes away completely.
Flaxseed helps with bursitis of the foot not only as a local tool. It can be used as oil in salads and cereals. This will help to strengthen many functions of the body, positively affects the joints of the ankle. For compresses use this recipe: flax seed is heated in the pan, placed in a woven bag and applied on the affected area. Well secured and kept to cool down the seed. The procedure has a beneficial effect on the recovery process after the primary treatment. Itis carried out for 2 weeks.
The state of the ankle joint depends on the quality of impellent possibilities of the person. Their offense can make discomfort in communication in daily life and affect the quality of life in the future.