Symptoms, treatment and recovery after surgery for spinal meningioma
Meningioma of the spine is called a disease affecting the connective tissue sheath of the spinal cord. The disease is most experts benign tumors. However, don't give the illness a freedom of action and not pay attention to it. Ambivalent attitude towards the disease may lead to compression of brain cells and the formation of some diseases. It is necessary to note the presence and types of malignant meningiomas, they are 10% of the registered cases.
the Development of the disease and its manifestations
Scientists have not come to a conclusion, what are the causes of meningiomas. The predominant two positions. The first is that the disease develops due to environmental pollution, dangerous radiation environment. Representatives of the second point of view prefer genetic predisposition as the main factor in the formation of the disease.
It Should be noted that meningioma of the cervical spine and other parts of the spine has not manifested signs of good. Symptoms may be completely absent, the illness is formed within a few years, and the detection occurs during the examination with the help of computer and magnetic resonance imaging.
The Symptoms associated with localization of the tumor, its stage of formation and size. In the presence of a tumor in the spine is the impact on the spinal cord. As a result, the patient is incoordination of limbs up to a total loss of ability to do anything. In addition, the weakness in the legs and arms, comes loss of balance, changes the sensitivity of the limbs. In severe cases, the patient has urinary incontinence, problems with gastrointestinal tract, may occur paralysis.
The Disease often is formed in the female half of the population, the reason for this – female hormones. For example, during pregnancy and the presence of spinal tumors the rapid development of the disease. If we consider the age category, the disease inherent in the older generation being in the age range from 40 to 70 years. However, it is not excluded cases of the disease in adolescents and children, as such cases are met.
troubleshoot and Diagnose disease
The First method in the list of diagnostics – neurological testing, which involves checking the patient's reflexes, coordination, hearing and vision. Then it is mandatory examination of the patient using special tools. These include the following techniques:
- Magnetic resonance imaging.
- Computed tomography.
The Most accurate method of diagnosis is magnetic resonance imaging. Using a magnetic field exposure is performed on the patient, allowing to obtain accurate data. However, a significant disadvantage of this procedure is its cost.
Treatment of the cervical spine and other parts presupposes some features. At small sizes of the disease and the absence of manifestations treatment is not required. However, the patient should be observed by a doctor periodically to be screened.
Other cases require intervention, is the partial or total removal of the tumor. There are several ways to conduct this procedure. The first presents the operation, but takes into account those cases where the tumour is located near organs that are of great importance for the functioning of the body. The effects of the intervention may occur after the surgery, so in these cases, the operation is not performed, the patient is under observation. As additional measures applied radiation therapy.
Painless way is radiosurgery. The impact on the affected area of the directional beam of photons, therefore the method is absolutely bloodless. Recovery after the intervention is easy, but for surgery there is no need to hospitalize the patient.
To ensure an easy removing of the tumor of the cervical spine is carried out to its reduction. This method is called embolization and is used before surgery. Using the methods in the vessels that nourish the tumor, enter the catheters, the overlap of the blood flow, which causes the desired result.
In the presence of a malignant tumor type, radiotherapy. It is used as a means of reducing the size of education, prevention of re-emergence and increase. Furthermore, the method is used if there are contraindications to surgery. Can be used in conjunction with chemical therapy.
Prevention of this disease is not in the usual sense. The only measure that can prevent the occurrence of disease is maintaining a healthy lifestyle. It is worth noting the criteria that affect the recovery of the patient.
More likely to recover after surgery in the category of patients who present a benign nature. Optimistic forecasts are in the case of complete elimination of the dangerous growths. As for predictions on the future state of the patient, a significant position belongs to the place of its development.
Thus, a meningioma is an insidious disease. The patient may be unaware of the presence of disease, so you need to take the necessary action to undergo periodic inspection. In this case, the patient can begin treatment in a timely manner and to prevent the development of the worst situation.
Should listen to any pain in the back, it can be a dangerous signal.