Causes, treatment and prevention of osteoporosis in men
here are the Statistics: the percentage of men from total number of patients with osteoporosis is approximately 20%. About 2 million residents of the United States of America male suffer from thinning of bone tissue, causing the risk of fractures increases several times. About 12 million men are at risk.
Doctors believe that women often suffer from osteoporosis because their life span is greater. It is believed that greater physical activity of the male sex throughout life serves as a kind of prevention of this disease. It is proven that exercise can help protect bone tissue from thinning.
Another reason for osteoporosis in women is more common, is the cessation of menstruation. Postmenopausal osteoporosis is widespread.
The pathology of the same men almost always develops in the same cause – hormonal.
Causes of disease of men
The disease can occur for the following reasons:
- the lack of the male sex hormone – testosterone
- inadequate intake of calcium and vitamin D
- sedentary lifestyle
- intake of some medicines
- complication of various diseases;
- the presence of harmful habits.
the Lack of the male sex hormone is the most common cause of osteoporosis. Assuming disease specialist primarily performs an analysis on the content of testosterone in blood.
If the disease in men is induced by lack of testosterone, doctors prescribe hormone therapy for the purpose of seal bone. The doctors have not figured out how testosterone affects the processes in the bones: participates or acts in the form of estrogen (some testosterone is converted into estrogen to regulate processes in the bones).
Like most cells in our body, the bone cells die off and form new, but for the normal course of this process requires a balanced diet, rich in minerals and vitamins.
When human muscles work, bone work together with them. By analogy with the muscle mass have to work the skeleton, otherwise it will atrophy. Bone grows in response to tension of a muscle.
The Lack of General gymnastics increases the likelihood of developing the disease. Enough Hiking and simple physical exercises for all the muscle groups, which will not take more than half an hour.
Thanks to research it became known that the bone tissue develops not only in those areas on which the impact occurs.
Some groups of drugs can affect the decrease of bone mass and the development of male osteoporosis. These include:
- medicines cancer prostate
Many ailments can lead to thinning of the bone tissue. These include genetic diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, pathology of gastrointestinal tract and cardiovascular system. If you are suffering from any chronic illness or take medications for a long period, do not forget about the prevention of osteoporosis.
In particular, Smoking contributes to the weakening of bones. According to statistics, the risk of fracture in a smoker increases by 55% compared with non-smokers. Nicotine directly affects the osteocytes (bone cells), and not the best way.
Prevention and treatment
Like many diseases, osteoporosis in men can be prevented or even completely avoided. Enough to live a healthy active lifestyle, eat right and regularly carry out the surveys.
If osteoporosis already has developed, the doctor may prescribe the following treatment:
- intake of calcium and vitamin D
- hormone therapy
- assigning a specific diet and exercise.