Osteochondrosis with radicular syndrome – symptoms and treatment
low back pain – metabolic pathology, which leads to dystrophic and degenerative changes in the damaged intervertebral disc.
Osteochondrosis with radicular syndrome are very closely tied, but we'll talk about that a little later.
This pathology is very relevant in our time. All because methods of prevention are ineffective, and because of the stressful lifestyle there is a susceptibility of the organism to the development of pathology.
Between clinicians divided osteochondrosis, depending on the localization of the pathological process in the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and mixed. Depending on the extent of the damage is isolated monosegmental and polysegmental osteochondrosis.
cause of disease
To understand what it is linked to these two pathologies, it is first necessary to understand the etiology and pathogenesis of osteochondrosis.
so, the beginning of the disease is considered to be the effects of harmful factors on the healthy cartilage of the intervertebral disc. The reason for this can be:
- inflammation of the vertebrae and intervertebral discs
- ionizing radiation
- old age
- metabolic and mineral imbalances;
- hormonal disorders
- autoimmune disease
- side effects of some medicines
- significant physical load on the spine;
- sedentary lifestyle.
harmful factor directly damages the cartilage. It immediately start the metabolic changes that lead to changes in the anabolism to catabolism. Degenerative changes are progressing very quickly and have irreversible character.
The Damaged cartilage begins to dwindle, to change its shape and is pinching the spinal root.
Anatomically spinal roots head for the exit from the spinal canal through a small intervertebral foramen. Because of its relatively small size in this place often trapped spinal root.
When pinched spinal roots within the nerve cells begins to form inflammatory process. Pain in this case, do not make him wait long, because the pain mediators stand out immediately and are present even in minor amounts. The resulting inflammation of the spinal nerve due to degenerative disc disease and is called discogenic sciatica.
In the medical literature there are also other names for sciatica is radiculopathy or radicular syndrome.
It is Worth noting that pain is just a consequence of pathology rather than her own.
Symptoms and diagnostic methods