What exercises therapeutic exercises and complexes of exercise therapy is recommended in cases of osteoarthritis of the knee?
In the treatment of disease, also called osteoarthritis, is important small loads. Exercise therapy in osteoarthritis of the knee provides very effective help, if classes are held regularly.
Osteoarthritis – the disease is by nature not of inflammatory. It's pretty common. In 50% of cases at diagnosis for the complaints of patients on pain in the knees reveal exactly gonarthrosis. Affects the knee joint. The reason is the deposition of calcium salts. The pain comes when change begins to cover the joint, with the bone broken blood vessels. At the last stage of the disease the cartilage is stratified. Bone deform in this case. The purpose of physiotherapy is to prevent the destruction of the joint.
Causes of disease and methods of its elimination
Man, in which the body of poor metabolism, suffering from gonarthrosis. But according to the doctors, exercise can be of great help.
The occurrence of the disease is influenced by:
- Large load while driving.
- poor circulation.
- Weak capillaries.
- Moved the rheumatism or other diseases of the joints inflammatory type.
- Disorders of the endocrine system.
- Abnormalities of the structure of bone.
At different stages of the disease manifests itself differently. For the first characteristic of a small, barely noticeable pain, a pulling type. On the second to increased discomfort added stiffness in the knees. She goes after people "at odds". You hear the crunch in the limbs when walking. With the development of gonarthrosis the patient cannot bend the leg, limping, and still later he needs crutches or assistance to move. The knee area swells, a person body temperature rises. In such cases, have resorted not only to analgesia, therapeutic ointments and creams, physical therapy, massage, and surgery.
To make a diagnosis upon examination by a doctor. Browse knee x-rays, MRI and CT. Resort to professional feeling. Treatment for any form of gonarthrosis is appointed by the specialist. It is always complex. If the disease reaches on the first or 2nd degree, along with the drugs are indicated in the courses physical therapy. When pain is acute, the temperature is increased, this type of treatment will not work.
Contraindications to exercise therapy
The Method is chosen individually for each patient. It all depends on its condition and concomitant therapy. Therapeutic exercises should not be conducted if:
- There is a sharp pain.
- it turns Out that LFC – it's too big a burden for the patient.
- During exercise you feel pain, which was not even when walking.
- Menstruation in women.
- the Patient suffers from high blood pressure.
- body Temperature of the patient above 37 ° C.
- the man Recently had surgery on any of the bodies.
- There is a hernia.
- there Are diseases of internal organs and blood.
Physiotherapy should be done under strict supervision of a specialist.
benefits of physical therapy in the treatment of gonarthrosis
The Meaning of therapeutic exercises in the development of the joints. Make it necessary, when the pain subsided. The advantages of the method are restored by means of smooth motion that:
- the Pain has not returned.
- Left spasms.
- the Muscles come in tone.
- Improved blood circulation in the joint tissues.
On the night of the exercise, it is better not to do. They are useful in the morning and in the afternoon. Basic principles practice:
- Gradual development of the joints.
- Slow motion, no sudden lunges.
- Complex manipulations made at the end of each complex.
The Preference to those or other exercises will give depending on the patient's condition.
the Approximate set of exercises
To Start gymnastics should be easy with shaking legs. This is done standing up. You need to raise alternately one and then the other leg and, loosing her, gently shake.
Need to find the base. While holding on, slowly bend the leg at the knee. The heel needs to look in the direction of the buttocks. Then straighten the leg, sending her forward, and lowered in front of him on the heel. To do exercise each leg 10-20 times.
Sit on a chair. Palms on knees. Follow them to 20 rounds. The amplitude is small. If there is no discomfort, these exercises should continue. In the case when there is pain, you need to exclude this kind of movements.
Physiotherapy is done on the floor. It is preferable to spread a soft Mat. Perform shaking, standing on his knees, each leg 10-15 times. After you start to walk on her knees. Enough to make a couple of steps.
Stand on all fours. Go down the chest to the floor, gradually pull your hands forward and the buttocks, move feet. Chest still needs to remain pressed to the floor. Returnto its original position. Repeat the exercise 5-10 times.
Lie on your right side and gently pull your left leg, gradually bending it at the knee. Then straighten and pull back. Do exercise 15 times and turn over onto your left side for movements of the right foot.
Sit on a Mat and bend your knees. Smoothly send your left leg to the right and pull it out. Accept original position. After 15 exercises make their right foot. These exercises can be practised alternately. Times – left foot 2 – right.
Sitting on a Mat and legs bent, alternately straighten one and then the other leg, slipping while on the floor with her heel. Can vary, doing exercises at the same time with both feet. But this extra burden. Be sure to return to the starting position. Attention! To tear feet from the floor should not be, the movement is smooth. To do 15-20 exercises.
Physiotherapy involves the use of rubber shock absorbers.
Lie on your back and attach one end of rubber cord to a stationary object, the other to the foot. Bend the leg slowly, pulling her to himself.